Stereodirecting Effect of C5-Carboxylate Substituents on the Glycosylation Stereochemistry of 3-Deoxy-d- manno-oct-2-ulosonic Acid (Kdo) Thioglycoside Donors: Stereoselective Synthesis of α- and β-Kdo Glycosides.J Am Chem Soc. 2018 03 14; 140(10):3574-3582.JA
The stereodirecting effect of C5-ester functions on the glycosylation stereoselectivity of 3-deoxy-d- manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid (Kdo) ethyl thioglycoside donors is presented. The coupling of 5- O-arylcarbonyl or acetyl protected Kdo thioglycosides with acceptors proceeds in an α-selective and high-yielding manner, leading to formation of α-linked Kdo glycosides products. On the other hand, the glycosylation stereoselectivity of the 5- O-2-quinolinecarbonyl (Quin) or 4-nitropicoloyl substituted Kdo thioglycoside donors is switchable: (1) The glycosylation of the 5- O-Quin carrying Kdo donors with primary glycosyl acceptors shows complete β-stereoselectivity, furnishing the corresponding β-glycosides in good-to-excellent yield. (2) The stereochemical outcome of the secondary acceptors with these Kdo donors is determined mainly by the stereoelectronic nature of the acceptor. Only or predominant α anomeric products are obtained when the Kdo donors couple with the disarmed or highly crowded secondary carbohydrate acceptors, while the selectivity may switch to predominant β in the glycosylation of the 5- O-4-nitropicoloyl carrying donor with more reactive secondary alcohols. The synthetic use of the newly developed Kdo donors 1c and 7b has been demonstrated by facile preparation of a structurally unique trisaccharide motif 19 which possesses both α- and β-Kdo glycosidic bonds.