Parent's Sense of Coherence and Children's Oral Health-Related Behaviors: Is There an Association?Pediatr Dent. 2018 Jan 01; 40(1):23-29.PD
Parental capacity to face day-to-day stressors has a relevant role in recognizing and mobilizing resources to control children's oral health behaviors. This capacity has been explored by means of the sense of coherence. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between mothers' sense of coherence (SOC) and their preschool children's oral health-related behaviors.
Mothers and their pre-school children were recruited during immunization programs at community health centers in Edmonton, Canada. Participants answered eight questions on socio-demographics (covariates), parents' SOC (main independent variable), and children's oral health-related practices (outcome variables). Statistical analyses comprised a two-sample t test, chi-square test, and logistic regression.
A total of 378 pairs of mothers/ children participated in this study. Children's mean age was 3.92±(1.33) years. Mothers' SOC was statistically associated with children's frequency of sugar consumption and frequency and pattern of dental visits. The children of mothers who had higher levels of SOC presented a lower frequency intake of food or drink containing sugar and were more likely to visit the dentist for preventive purposes.
Mothers' sense of coherence had a significant association with children's oral health-related behaviors; a higher SOC of mothers was associated with more positive behaviors among their children.