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Minoxidil Promotes Hair Growth through Stimulation of Growth Factor Release from Adipose-Derived Stem Cells.
Int J Mol Sci. 2018 Feb 28; 19(3)IJ

Abstract

Minoxidil directly promotes hair growth via the stimulation of dermal papilla (DP) and epithelial cells. Alternatively, there is little evidence for indirect promotion of hair growth via stimulation of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). We investigated whether minoxidil stimulates ASCs and if increased growth factor secretion by ASCs facilitates minoxidil-induced hair growth. Telogen-to-anagen induction was examined in mice. Cultured DP cells and vibrissae hair follicle organ cultures were used to further examine the underlying mechanisms. Subcutaneous injection of minoxidil-treated ASCs accelerated telogen-to-anagen transition in mice, and increased hair weight at day 14 post-injection. Minoxidil did not alter ASC proliferation, but increased migration and tube formation. Minoxidil also increased the secretion of growth factors from ASCs, including chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1), platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF), and platelet-derived growth factor-C (PDGF-C). Minoxidil increased extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation, and concomitant upregulation of PD-ECGF and PDGF-C mRNA levels were attenuated by an ERK inhibitor. Subcutaneous injection of CXCL1, PD-ECGF, or PDGF-C enhanced anagen induction in mice, and both CXCL1 and PDGF-C increased hair length in ex vivo organ culture. Treatment with CXCL1, PD-ECGF, or PDGF-C also increased the proliferation index in DP cells. Finally, topical application of CXCL1, PD-ECGF, or PDGF-C with 2% minoxidil enhanced anagen induction when compared to minoxidil alone. Minoxidil stimulates ASC motility and increases paracrine growth factor signaling. Minoxidil-stimulated secretion of growth factors by ASCs may enhance hair growth by promoting DP proliferation. Therefore, minoxidil can be used as an ASC preconditioning agent for hair regeneration.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Pharmacy, Yonsei University, Incheon 21983, Korea. nh147837@gmail.com. STEMORE Co., Ltd., Incheon 21983, Korea. nh147837@gmail.com.College of Pharmacy, Wonkwang University, Iksan 54538, Jeonbuk, Korea. shins@wku.ac.kr.Translational Research Center and Inha Research Institute for Medical Sciences, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon 21983, Korea. sunuksong@inha.ac.kr.College of Pharmacy, Yonsei University, Incheon 21983, Korea. brian99@empal.com. STEMORE Co., Ltd., Incheon 21983, Korea. brian99@empal.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29495622

Citation

Choi, Nahyun, et al. "Minoxidil Promotes Hair Growth Through Stimulation of Growth Factor Release From Adipose-Derived Stem Cells." International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 19, no. 3, 2018.
Choi N, Shin S, Song SU, et al. Minoxidil Promotes Hair Growth through Stimulation of Growth Factor Release from Adipose-Derived Stem Cells. Int J Mol Sci. 2018;19(3).
Choi, N., Shin, S., Song, S. U., & Sung, J. H. (2018). Minoxidil Promotes Hair Growth through Stimulation of Growth Factor Release from Adipose-Derived Stem Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 19(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19030691
Choi N, et al. Minoxidil Promotes Hair Growth Through Stimulation of Growth Factor Release From Adipose-Derived Stem Cells. Int J Mol Sci. 2018 Feb 28;19(3) PubMed PMID: 29495622.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Minoxidil Promotes Hair Growth through Stimulation of Growth Factor Release from Adipose-Derived Stem Cells. AU - Choi,Nahyun, AU - Shin,Soyoung, AU - Song,Sun U, AU - Sung,Jong-Hyuk, Y1 - 2018/02/28/ PY - 2018/02/12/received PY - 2018/02/24/revised PY - 2018/02/26/accepted PY - 2018/3/3/entrez PY - 2018/3/3/pubmed PY - 2018/8/28/medline KW - CXCL1 KW - PD-ECGF KW - PDGF-C KW - adipose-derived stem cells KW - hair growth KW - minoxidil JF - International journal of molecular sciences JO - Int J Mol Sci VL - 19 IS - 3 N2 - Minoxidil directly promotes hair growth via the stimulation of dermal papilla (DP) and epithelial cells. Alternatively, there is little evidence for indirect promotion of hair growth via stimulation of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). We investigated whether minoxidil stimulates ASCs and if increased growth factor secretion by ASCs facilitates minoxidil-induced hair growth. Telogen-to-anagen induction was examined in mice. Cultured DP cells and vibrissae hair follicle organ cultures were used to further examine the underlying mechanisms. Subcutaneous injection of minoxidil-treated ASCs accelerated telogen-to-anagen transition in mice, and increased hair weight at day 14 post-injection. Minoxidil did not alter ASC proliferation, but increased migration and tube formation. Minoxidil also increased the secretion of growth factors from ASCs, including chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1), platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF), and platelet-derived growth factor-C (PDGF-C). Minoxidil increased extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation, and concomitant upregulation of PD-ECGF and PDGF-C mRNA levels were attenuated by an ERK inhibitor. Subcutaneous injection of CXCL1, PD-ECGF, or PDGF-C enhanced anagen induction in mice, and both CXCL1 and PDGF-C increased hair length in ex vivo organ culture. Treatment with CXCL1, PD-ECGF, or PDGF-C also increased the proliferation index in DP cells. Finally, topical application of CXCL1, PD-ECGF, or PDGF-C with 2% minoxidil enhanced anagen induction when compared to minoxidil alone. Minoxidil stimulates ASC motility and increases paracrine growth factor signaling. Minoxidil-stimulated secretion of growth factors by ASCs may enhance hair growth by promoting DP proliferation. Therefore, minoxidil can be used as an ASC preconditioning agent for hair regeneration. SN - 1422-0067 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29495622/Minoxidil_Promotes_Hair_Growth_through_Stimulation_of_Growth_Factor_Release_from_Adipose_Derived_Stem_Cells_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijms19030691 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -