Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Ischemic preconditioning attenuates ischemia/reperfusion-induced kidney injury by activating autophagy via the SGK1 signaling pathway.
Cell Death Dis. 2018 03 01; 9(3):338.CD

Abstract

Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has a strong renoprotective effect during renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury that is thought to relate to autophagy. However, the role of autophagy during IPC-afforded renoprotection and the precise mechanisms involved are unknown. In this study, an in vitro hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model was established in which oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) was applied to renal cells for 15 h followed by reoxygenation under normal conditions for 30 min, 2 h or 6 h; transient OGD and subsequent reoxygenation were implemented before prolonged H/R injury to achieve hypoxic preconditioning (HPC). 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) was used to inhibit autophagy. In a renal I/R injury model, rats were subjected to 40 min of renal ischemia followed by 6 h, 12 h or 24 h of reperfusion. IPC was produced by four cycles of ischemia (8 min each) followed by 5 min of reperfusion prior to sustained ischemia. We found that IPC increased LC3II and Beclin-1 levels and decreased SQSTM/p62 and cleaved caspase-3 levels in a time-dependent manner during renal I/R injury, as well as increased the number of intracellular double-membrane vesicles in injured renal cells. IPC-induced renal protection was efficiently attenuated by pretreatment with 5 mM 3-MA. Pretreatment with IPC also dynamically affected the expression of SGK1/FOXO3a/HIF-1α signaling components. Moreover, knocking down SGK1 expression significantly downregulated phosphorylated-FOXO3a (p-FOXO3a)/FOXO3 and HIF-1α, suppressed LC3II and Beclin-1 levels, increased SQSTM/p62 and cleaved caspase-3 levels, and abolished the protective effect of IPC against I/R-induced renal damage. SGK1 overexpression efficiently increased p-FOXO3a/FOXO3 and HIF-1α levels, promoted the autophagy flux and enhanced the protective effect mediated by HPC. Furthermore, FOXO3a overexpression decreased HIF-1α protein levels, inhibited HIF-1α transcriptional activity and reduced the protective effect of IPC. Our study indicates that IPC can ameliorate renal I/R injury by promoting autophagy through the SGK1 pathway.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nephrology, Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Clinical Geriatric Medicine, Shanghai, China.Department of Nephrology, Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Clinical Geriatric Medicine, Shanghai, China.Department of Nephrology, Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.Department of Nephrology, Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.Department of Nephrology, Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.Department of Nephrology, Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Clinical Geriatric Medicine, Shanghai, China.Department of Nephrology, Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. drzhxl@163.com. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Clinical Geriatric Medicine, Shanghai, China. drzhxl@163.com.

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29497029

Citation

Xie, Ying, et al. "Ischemic Preconditioning Attenuates Ischemia/reperfusion-induced Kidney Injury By Activating Autophagy Via the SGK1 Signaling Pathway." Cell Death & Disease, vol. 9, no. 3, 2018, p. 338.
Xie Y, Jiang D, Xiao J, et al. Ischemic preconditioning attenuates ischemia/reperfusion-induced kidney injury by activating autophagy via the SGK1 signaling pathway. Cell Death Dis. 2018;9(3):338.
Xie, Y., Jiang, D., Xiao, J., Fu, C., Zhang, Z., Ye, Z., & Zhang, X. (2018). Ischemic preconditioning attenuates ischemia/reperfusion-induced kidney injury by activating autophagy via the SGK1 signaling pathway. Cell Death & Disease, 9(3), 338. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41419-018-0358-7
Xie Y, et al. Ischemic Preconditioning Attenuates Ischemia/reperfusion-induced Kidney Injury By Activating Autophagy Via the SGK1 Signaling Pathway. Cell Death Dis. 2018 03 1;9(3):338. PubMed PMID: 29497029.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ischemic preconditioning attenuates ischemia/reperfusion-induced kidney injury by activating autophagy via the SGK1 signaling pathway. AU - Xie,Ying, AU - Jiang,Daofang, AU - Xiao,Jing, AU - Fu,Chensheng, AU - Zhang,Zhenxing, AU - Ye,Zhibin, AU - Zhang,Xiaoli, Y1 - 2018/03/01/ PY - 2017/08/08/received PY - 2018/01/23/accepted PY - 2018/01/22/revised PY - 2018/3/3/entrez PY - 2018/3/3/pubmed PY - 2019/10/30/medline SP - 338 EP - 338 JF - Cell death & disease JO - Cell Death Dis VL - 9 IS - 3 N2 - Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has a strong renoprotective effect during renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury that is thought to relate to autophagy. However, the role of autophagy during IPC-afforded renoprotection and the precise mechanisms involved are unknown. In this study, an in vitro hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model was established in which oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) was applied to renal cells for 15 h followed by reoxygenation under normal conditions for 30 min, 2 h or 6 h; transient OGD and subsequent reoxygenation were implemented before prolonged H/R injury to achieve hypoxic preconditioning (HPC). 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) was used to inhibit autophagy. In a renal I/R injury model, rats were subjected to 40 min of renal ischemia followed by 6 h, 12 h or 24 h of reperfusion. IPC was produced by four cycles of ischemia (8 min each) followed by 5 min of reperfusion prior to sustained ischemia. We found that IPC increased LC3II and Beclin-1 levels and decreased SQSTM/p62 and cleaved caspase-3 levels in a time-dependent manner during renal I/R injury, as well as increased the number of intracellular double-membrane vesicles in injured renal cells. IPC-induced renal protection was efficiently attenuated by pretreatment with 5 mM 3-MA. Pretreatment with IPC also dynamically affected the expression of SGK1/FOXO3a/HIF-1α signaling components. Moreover, knocking down SGK1 expression significantly downregulated phosphorylated-FOXO3a (p-FOXO3a)/FOXO3 and HIF-1α, suppressed LC3II and Beclin-1 levels, increased SQSTM/p62 and cleaved caspase-3 levels, and abolished the protective effect of IPC against I/R-induced renal damage. SGK1 overexpression efficiently increased p-FOXO3a/FOXO3 and HIF-1α levels, promoted the autophagy flux and enhanced the protective effect mediated by HPC. Furthermore, FOXO3a overexpression decreased HIF-1α protein levels, inhibited HIF-1α transcriptional activity and reduced the protective effect of IPC. Our study indicates that IPC can ameliorate renal I/R injury by promoting autophagy through the SGK1 pathway. SN - 2041-4889 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29497029/Ischemic_preconditioning_attenuates_ischemia/reperfusion_induced_kidney_injury_by_activating_autophagy_via_the_SGK1_signaling_pathway_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41419-018-0358-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -