Para-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis in a patient in Brazil: a case report.Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2018 Jan-Feb; 51(1):105-107.RS
Visceral leishmaniasis is common in Brazil and is caused by Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum/chagasi. Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis frequently follows visceral leishmaniasis caused by L. donovani, and para-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis refers to an uncommon presentation wherein it occurs simultaneously along with visceral leishmaniasis. While post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis only occurs occasionally in L. infantum/chagasi infections, it frequently occurs in patients with concomitant immunosuppression (HIV co-infection). Here, we describe the first case of para-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis in Brazil. It is important to raise awareness of post- and para-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis in L. infantum endemic areas as these patients may contribute to visceral leishmaniasis transmission.