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Chasing red herrings: Memory of distractors causes fixation in creative problem solving.
Mem Cognit 2018; 46(5):671-684MC

Abstract

Two experiments tested the red herring retrieval hypothesis, which states that fixation in creative problem solving is worse when memory for red herrings (i.e., inappropriate or incorrect solutions) is strengthened. In Experiment 1, when associations between Remote Associates Test (RAT) problem words (e.g., COTTAGE, SWISS, CAKE) and related red herring words (e.g., hut, chocolate, icing) were strengthened via repetition, an encoding variable, fixation was found to increase. In Experiment 2, when associations were formed between RAT problem contexts and red herrings, then subsequent reinstatement of problem contexts during RAT problem solving trials (as compared with showing new contexts) also worsened fixation effects. Our results add to the increasing body of research that connects memory with creative problem solving, and they suggest possible ways for overcoming fixation effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA. bedazs@tamu.edu.Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29516400

Citation

Beda, Zsolt, and Steven M. Smith. "Chasing Red Herrings: Memory of Distractors Causes Fixation in Creative Problem Solving." Memory & Cognition, vol. 46, no. 5, 2018, pp. 671-684.
Beda Z, Smith SM. Chasing red herrings: Memory of distractors causes fixation in creative problem solving. Mem Cognit. 2018;46(5):671-684.
Beda, Z., & Smith, S. M. (2018). Chasing red herrings: Memory of distractors causes fixation in creative problem solving. Memory & Cognition, 46(5), pp. 671-684. doi:10.3758/s13421-018-0799-3.
Beda Z, Smith SM. Chasing Red Herrings: Memory of Distractors Causes Fixation in Creative Problem Solving. Mem Cognit. 2018;46(5):671-684. PubMed PMID: 29516400.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chasing red herrings: Memory of distractors causes fixation in creative problem solving. AU - Beda,Zsolt, AU - Smith,Steven M, PY - 2018/3/9/pubmed PY - 2019/8/16/medline PY - 2018/3/9/entrez KW - Context KW - Creativity KW - Fixation KW - Remote Associates Test SP - 671 EP - 684 JF - Memory & cognition JO - Mem Cognit VL - 46 IS - 5 N2 - Two experiments tested the red herring retrieval hypothesis, which states that fixation in creative problem solving is worse when memory for red herrings (i.e., inappropriate or incorrect solutions) is strengthened. In Experiment 1, when associations between Remote Associates Test (RAT) problem words (e.g., COTTAGE, SWISS, CAKE) and related red herring words (e.g., hut, chocolate, icing) were strengthened via repetition, an encoding variable, fixation was found to increase. In Experiment 2, when associations were formed between RAT problem contexts and red herrings, then subsequent reinstatement of problem contexts during RAT problem solving trials (as compared with showing new contexts) also worsened fixation effects. Our results add to the increasing body of research that connects memory with creative problem solving, and they suggest possible ways for overcoming fixation effects. SN - 1532-5946 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29516400/Chasing_red_herrings:_Memory_of_distractors_causes_fixation_in_creative_problem_solving_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13421-018-0799-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -