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Poor Dietary Guidelines Compliance among Low-Income Women Eligible for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed).
Nutrients. 2018 Mar 08; 10(3)N

Abstract

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) program aims to improve nutritional intakes of low-income individuals (<185% poverty threshold). The objective of this study was to describe the compliance with Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommendations for fruits, vegetables, and whole grains among SNAP-Ed eligible (n = 3142) and ineligible (n = 3168) adult women (19-70 years) nationwide and SNAP-Ed participating women in Indiana (n = 2623), using the NHANES 2007-2012 and Indiana SNAP-Ed survey data, respectively. Sensitivity analysis further stratified women by race/ethnicity and by current SNAP participation (<130% poverty threshold). Nationally, lower-income women were less likely to meet the fruit (21% vs. 25%) and vegetable (11% vs. 19%) guidelines than higher-income women, but did not differ on whole grains, which were ~5% regardless of income. The income differences in fruit and vegetable intakes were driven by non-Hispanic whites. Fewer SNAP-Ed-eligible U.S. women met fruit (21% vs. 55%) and whole grain (4% vs. 18%) but did not differ for vegetable recommendations (11% vs. 9%) when compared to Indiana SNAP-Ed women. This same trend was observed among current SNAP participants. Different racial/ethnic group relationships with DGA compliance were found in Indiana compared to the nation. Nevertheless, most low-income women in the U.S. are at risk of not meeting DGA recommendations for fruits (79%), vegetables (89%), and whole grains (96%); SNAP-Ed participants in Indiana had higher compliance with DGA recommendations. Increased consumption of these three critical food groups would improve nutrient density, likely reduce calorie consumption by replacing high calorie choices, and improve fiber intakes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. jun24@purdue.edu.Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. tvsowmy@gmail.com.Health and Human Sciences Extension, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. mmaulding@purdue.edu.Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. heicherm@purdue.edu.Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. savaiano@purdue.edu.Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. reganbailey@purdue.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29518042

Citation

Jun, Shinyoung, et al. "Poor Dietary Guidelines Compliance Among Low-Income Women Eligible for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed)." Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 3, 2018.
Jun S, Thuppal SV, Maulding MK, et al. Poor Dietary Guidelines Compliance among Low-Income Women Eligible for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed). Nutrients. 2018;10(3).
Jun, S., Thuppal, S. V., Maulding, M. K., Eicher-Miller, H. A., Savaiano, D. A., & Bailey, R. L. (2018). Poor Dietary Guidelines Compliance among Low-Income Women Eligible for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed). Nutrients, 10(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10030327
Jun S, et al. Poor Dietary Guidelines Compliance Among Low-Income Women Eligible for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed). Nutrients. 2018 Mar 8;10(3) PubMed PMID: 29518042.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Poor Dietary Guidelines Compliance among Low-Income Women Eligible for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed). AU - Jun,Shinyoung, AU - Thuppal,Sowmyanarayanan V, AU - Maulding,Melissa K, AU - Eicher-Miller,Heather A, AU - Savaiano,Dennis A, AU - Bailey,Regan L, Y1 - 2018/03/08/ PY - 2017/12/18/received PY - 2018/02/14/revised PY - 2018/03/06/accepted PY - 2018/3/9/entrez PY - 2018/3/9/pubmed PY - 2018/9/8/medline KW - Dietary Guidelines KW - NHANES KW - SNAP KW - SNAP-Education KW - diet disparities KW - fruit KW - low-income KW - nutrition KW - vegetable KW - whole grain JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 10 IS - 3 N2 - The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) program aims to improve nutritional intakes of low-income individuals (<185% poverty threshold). The objective of this study was to describe the compliance with Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommendations for fruits, vegetables, and whole grains among SNAP-Ed eligible (n = 3142) and ineligible (n = 3168) adult women (19-70 years) nationwide and SNAP-Ed participating women in Indiana (n = 2623), using the NHANES 2007-2012 and Indiana SNAP-Ed survey data, respectively. Sensitivity analysis further stratified women by race/ethnicity and by current SNAP participation (<130% poverty threshold). Nationally, lower-income women were less likely to meet the fruit (21% vs. 25%) and vegetable (11% vs. 19%) guidelines than higher-income women, but did not differ on whole grains, which were ~5% regardless of income. The income differences in fruit and vegetable intakes were driven by non-Hispanic whites. Fewer SNAP-Ed-eligible U.S. women met fruit (21% vs. 55%) and whole grain (4% vs. 18%) but did not differ for vegetable recommendations (11% vs. 9%) when compared to Indiana SNAP-Ed women. This same trend was observed among current SNAP participants. Different racial/ethnic group relationships with DGA compliance were found in Indiana compared to the nation. Nevertheless, most low-income women in the U.S. are at risk of not meeting DGA recommendations for fruits (79%), vegetables (89%), and whole grains (96%); SNAP-Ed participants in Indiana had higher compliance with DGA recommendations. Increased consumption of these three critical food groups would improve nutrient density, likely reduce calorie consumption by replacing high calorie choices, and improve fiber intakes. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29518042/Poor_Dietary_Guidelines_Compliance_among_Low_Income_Women_Eligible_for_Supplemental_Nutrition_Assistance_Program_Education__SNAP_Ed__ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu10030327 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -