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Cigarette Smoking among US- and Foreign-Born European and Arab American Non-Hispanic White Men and Women.
J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2018 12; 5(6):1284-1292.JR

Abstract

Using 15 years (2000-2014) of restricted cross-sectional National Health Interview Survey data (n = 276,914), we estimated and compared the age-adjusted and sex-specific prevalence of cigarette smoking between US- and foreign-born Europeans and Arab Americans and examined associations between ethnicity and current smoking. Arab Americans were categorized as non-Hispanic Whites born in 15 countries located in the Middle East. Current smoking, average cigarettes per day, and quit attempts were compared. Collectively, we found that current smoking was highest among males compared to females. Prevalence was highest among Arab American males (26%) compared to other US-born (24%) and foreign-born European males (21%). US-born males smoked more cigarettes per day (20.2) yet more Arab American males (61%) tried to quit in the last year compared to European (41%) and US-born (42%) counterparts. Arab American females were least likely to smoke compared to other groups. In crude analyses, Arab American males had greater odds (OR = 1.33; 95% CI = 1.02, 1.74) of smoking compared to US-born White males. After adjusting for demographics, socioeconomic status, health insurance, comorbidity, and acculturation effects, Arab American males had lower odds (OR = 0.64; 95% CI = 0.46, 0.88) of current smoking compared to US-born males. Arab American females had lower odds (OR = 0.28; 95% CI = 0.15, 0.53) of current smoking compared to US-born White females. This is the first national study to examine smoking among Arab Americans. Our study was limited to cigarette smoking behaviors as opposed to other forms of tobacco consumption. More studies are needed to explore smoking among US- and foreign-born Europeans and Arab Americans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6011 Harry Hines Blvd., Suite V4.114, Dallas, TX, 75390-9090, USA. tiffany.kindratt@utsouthwestern.edu.Department of Public and Environmental Wellness, School of Health Sciences, Oakland University, 3146 Human Health Building, Rochester, MI, 48309-4428, USA.Department of Health and Human Services, University of Michigan Dearborn, 1120 Social Sciences Building (SSB), 4901 Evergreen Road, Dearborn, MI, 48128, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29524180

Citation

Kindratt, Tiffany B., et al. "Cigarette Smoking Among US- and Foreign-Born European and Arab American Non-Hispanic White Men and Women." Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, vol. 5, no. 6, 2018, pp. 1284-1292.
Kindratt TB, Dallo FJ, Roddy J. Cigarette Smoking among US- and Foreign-Born European and Arab American Non-Hispanic White Men and Women. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2018;5(6):1284-1292.
Kindratt, T. B., Dallo, F. J., & Roddy, J. (2018). Cigarette Smoking among US- and Foreign-Born European and Arab American Non-Hispanic White Men and Women. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 5(6), 1284-1292. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-018-0476-z
Kindratt TB, Dallo FJ, Roddy J. Cigarette Smoking Among US- and Foreign-Born European and Arab American Non-Hispanic White Men and Women. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2018;5(6):1284-1292. PubMed PMID: 29524180.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cigarette Smoking among US- and Foreign-Born European and Arab American Non-Hispanic White Men and Women. AU - Kindratt,Tiffany B, AU - Dallo,Florence J, AU - Roddy,Juliette, Y1 - 2018/03/09/ PY - 2017/12/13/received PY - 2018/02/23/accepted PY - 2018/02/19/revised PY - 2018/3/11/pubmed PY - 2019/12/4/medline PY - 2018/3/11/entrez KW - Arab Americans KW - Foreign-born KW - National Health Interview Survey KW - Smoking SP - 1284 EP - 1292 JF - Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities JO - J Racial Ethn Health Disparities VL - 5 IS - 6 N2 - Using 15 years (2000-2014) of restricted cross-sectional National Health Interview Survey data (n = 276,914), we estimated and compared the age-adjusted and sex-specific prevalence of cigarette smoking between US- and foreign-born Europeans and Arab Americans and examined associations between ethnicity and current smoking. Arab Americans were categorized as non-Hispanic Whites born in 15 countries located in the Middle East. Current smoking, average cigarettes per day, and quit attempts were compared. Collectively, we found that current smoking was highest among males compared to females. Prevalence was highest among Arab American males (26%) compared to other US-born (24%) and foreign-born European males (21%). US-born males smoked more cigarettes per day (20.2) yet more Arab American males (61%) tried to quit in the last year compared to European (41%) and US-born (42%) counterparts. Arab American females were least likely to smoke compared to other groups. In crude analyses, Arab American males had greater odds (OR = 1.33; 95% CI = 1.02, 1.74) of smoking compared to US-born White males. After adjusting for demographics, socioeconomic status, health insurance, comorbidity, and acculturation effects, Arab American males had lower odds (OR = 0.64; 95% CI = 0.46, 0.88) of current smoking compared to US-born males. Arab American females had lower odds (OR = 0.28; 95% CI = 0.15, 0.53) of current smoking compared to US-born White females. This is the first national study to examine smoking among Arab Americans. Our study was limited to cigarette smoking behaviors as opposed to other forms of tobacco consumption. More studies are needed to explore smoking among US- and foreign-born Europeans and Arab Americans. SN - 2196-8837 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29524180/Cigarette_Smoking_among_US__and_Foreign_Born_European_and_Arab_American_Non_Hispanic_White_Men_and_Women_ L2 - https://scite.ai/reports/29524180 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -