Characterization and expression analysis of g- and c-type lysozymes in Dabry's sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus).Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2018 May; 76:260-265.FS
Dabry's sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus) is mainly distributed in the upper Yangtze River. Although extensively farmed, little information is available on its innate immune system. In this study, we conducted de novo transcriptome assembly of the head kidney to create a comprehensive dataset for A. dabryanus. A total of 51,324,686 high quality reads were obtained from head kidney cDNA library by the Illumina sequencing platform and 131,261 unigenes were determined to contain complete ORFs. The complete coding sequences of g- and c-type lysozymes were identified from unigenes, and designated as ADLysG and ADLysC. Aeromonas hydrophila infection of Dabry's sturgeon caused a significant increase (P < 0.05) in blood for both lysozyme types, confirming their active defensive role against bacterial infections. This research provides the first characterization of these enzymes in an ancestral chondrostean. These data suggest that ADLysG and ADLysC have the potential for immune defense system against bacterial infection.