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Moderating Effect of Motor Proficiency on the Relationship Between ADHD Symptoms and Sleep Problems in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined Type.
Behav Sleep Med. 2019 Sep-Oct; 17(5):646-656.BS

Abstract

OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND

A high proportion of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- Combined type (ADHD-CT) experience sleep and motor problems. This study investigated (a) whether motor proficiency moderated the relationship between ADHD symptoms and sleep problems in children with and without ADHD-CT and (b) whether this moderation differed as a function of ADHD diagnosis.

PARTICIPANTS

A sample of 70 primary school male children between 8-15 years were recruited; children with ADHD-CT (n = 38; mean age 10 years, 2 months [SD = 1 year, 6 months]) and a typically developing (TD) (n = 32; mean age 9 years, 6 months [SD = 1 year, 5 months]) group.

METHODS

Motor proficiency was measured using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2nd Edition (MABC-2), ADHD symptoms were measured using the Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS) and parent reported sleep problems were measured using the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ).

RESULTS

Children who reported higher ADHD symptoms and lower motor proficiency scores reported more sleep problems. The moderation effect only held in children with a diagnosis of ADHD-CT and not in the typically developing group.

CONCLUSIONS

These findings indicate that children who experience greater severity of ADHD symptoms who also have lower motor proficiency may be at increased risk of experiencing sleep problems. These findings also illustrate the importance of considering motor proficiency when exploring risk factors for sleep problems in children with ADHD-CT as well as sleep interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Deakin University, Geelong, Australia, Deakin Child Study Centre, School of Psychology, Faculty of Health , Geelong , Australia.b Cairnmillar Institute , School of Psychology, Melbourne, Australia.c Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne , Melbourne , Australia.d Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience & School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University , Melbourne , Australia.e Centre for Developmental Psychiatry and Psychology, Monash University , Melbourne , Australia.f Clinical Research Centre for Movement Disorders & Gait, Monash Health, Melbourne, Australia.d Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience & School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University , Melbourne , Australia.a Deakin University, Geelong, Australia, Deakin Child Study Centre, School of Psychology, Faculty of Health , Geelong , Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29528702

Citation

Papadopoulos, Nicole, et al. "Moderating Effect of Motor Proficiency On the Relationship Between ADHD Symptoms and Sleep Problems in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined Type." Behavioral Sleep Medicine, vol. 17, no. 5, 2019, pp. 646-656.
Papadopoulos N, Stavropoulos V, McGinley J, et al. Moderating Effect of Motor Proficiency on the Relationship Between ADHD Symptoms and Sleep Problems in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined Type. Behav Sleep Med. 2019;17(5):646-656.
Papadopoulos, N., Stavropoulos, V., McGinley, J., Bellgrove, M., Tonge, B., Murphy, A., Cornish, K., & Rinehart, N. (2019). Moderating Effect of Motor Proficiency on the Relationship Between ADHD Symptoms and Sleep Problems in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined Type. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 17(5), 646-656. https://doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2018.1443455
Papadopoulos N, et al. Moderating Effect of Motor Proficiency On the Relationship Between ADHD Symptoms and Sleep Problems in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined Type. Behav Sleep Med. 2019 Sep-Oct;17(5):646-656. PubMed PMID: 29528702.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Moderating Effect of Motor Proficiency on the Relationship Between ADHD Symptoms and Sleep Problems in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined Type. AU - Papadopoulos,Nicole, AU - Stavropoulos,Vasileios, AU - McGinley,Jennifer, AU - Bellgrove,Mark, AU - Tonge,Bruce, AU - Murphy,Anna, AU - Cornish,Kim, AU - Rinehart,Nicole, Y1 - 2018/03/12/ PY - 2018/3/13/pubmed PY - 2020/3/31/medline PY - 2018/3/13/entrez SP - 646 EP - 656 JF - Behavioral sleep medicine JO - Behav Sleep Med VL - 17 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: A high proportion of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- Combined type (ADHD-CT) experience sleep and motor problems. This study investigated (a) whether motor proficiency moderated the relationship between ADHD symptoms and sleep problems in children with and without ADHD-CT and (b) whether this moderation differed as a function of ADHD diagnosis. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 70 primary school male children between 8-15 years were recruited; children with ADHD-CT (n = 38; mean age 10 years, 2 months [SD = 1 year, 6 months]) and a typically developing (TD) (n = 32; mean age 9 years, 6 months [SD = 1 year, 5 months]) group. METHODS: Motor proficiency was measured using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2nd Edition (MABC-2), ADHD symptoms were measured using the Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS) and parent reported sleep problems were measured using the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ). RESULTS: Children who reported higher ADHD symptoms and lower motor proficiency scores reported more sleep problems. The moderation effect only held in children with a diagnosis of ADHD-CT and not in the typically developing group. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that children who experience greater severity of ADHD symptoms who also have lower motor proficiency may be at increased risk of experiencing sleep problems. These findings also illustrate the importance of considering motor proficiency when exploring risk factors for sleep problems in children with ADHD-CT as well as sleep interventions. SN - 1540-2010 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29528702/Moderating_Effect_of_Motor_Proficiency_on_the_Relationship_Between_ADHD_Symptoms_and_Sleep_Problems_in_Children_With_Attention_Deficit_Hyperactivity_Disorder_Combined_Type_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15402002.2018.1443455 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -