Pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukaemia recurrent fusion, EP300-ZNF384, is associated with a distinct gene expression.Br J Cancer 2018; 118(7):1000-1004BJ
Zinc-finger protein 384 (ZNF384) fusions are an emerging subtype of precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (pre-B-ALL) and here we further characterised their prevalence, survival outcomes and transcriptome.
Bone marrow mononuclear cells from 274 BCR-ABL1-negative pre-B-ALL patients were immunophenotyped and transcriptome molecularly characterised. Transcriptomic data was analysed by principal component analysis and gene-set enrichment analysis to identify gene and pathway expression changes.
We exclusively detect E1A-associated protein p300 (EP300)-ZNF384 in 5.7% of BCR-ABL1-negative adolescent/young adult (AYA)/adult pre-B-ALL patients. EP300-ZNF384 patients do not appear to be a high-risk subgroup. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that EP300-ZNF384 samples have a distinct gene expression profile that results in the up-regulation of Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) and cell adhesion pathways and down-regulation of cell cycle and DNA repair pathways.
Importantly, this report contributes to a better overview of the incidence of EP300-ZNF384 patients and show that they have a distinct gene signature with concurrent up-regulation of JAK-STAT pathway, reduced expression of B-cell regulators and reduced DNA repair capacity.