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Neighborhood Concentrated Disadvantage and Dating Violence among Urban Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Neighborhood Social Processes.
Am J Community Psychol. 2018 06; 61(3-4):310-320.AJ

Abstract

The link between relationship violence and aspects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage (e.g., percent of unemployed adults, percent of families below poverty level), has been established. However, the literature examining neighborhood social processes, including informal social control and social cohesion, in relation to adolescent dating violence has shown mixed results with a limited theoretical foundation and methodology. Using a social disorganization theoretical framework, this study examined the mediating role of these neighborhood social processes in the relation between concentrated disadvantage and adolescent dating violence within an urban context. Participants included 605 adult residents in 30 census tracts and 203 adolescents from neighborhoods on the West and South sides of Chicago. Neighborhood-level concentrated disadvantage was measured via Census data, adult residents reported on neighborhood social processes, and youth reported on dating violence. Informal social control was negatively associated with dating violence, and social cohesion was positively associated with dating violence. A multilevel mediation model showed that concentrated disadvantage was related to higher levels of dating violence via lower levels of informal social control. These results extend social disorganization theory to dating violence within an urban context, while also highlighting the important role of neighborhood processes on relationship violence. Implications for research and intervention programming are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Social Service Administration, Chicago Center for Youth Violence Prevention, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.School of Social Service Administration, Chicago Center for Youth Violence Prevention, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.School of Social Service Administration, Chicago Center for Youth Violence Prevention, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.School of Social Service Administration, Chicago Center for Youth Violence Prevention, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29537686

Citation

Garthe, Rachel C., et al. "Neighborhood Concentrated Disadvantage and Dating Violence Among Urban Adolescents: the Mediating Role of Neighborhood Social Processes." American Journal of Community Psychology, vol. 61, no. 3-4, 2018, pp. 310-320.
Garthe RC, Gorman-Smith D, Gregory J, et al. Neighborhood Concentrated Disadvantage and Dating Violence among Urban Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Neighborhood Social Processes. Am J Community Psychol. 2018;61(3-4):310-320.
Garthe, R. C., Gorman-Smith, D., Gregory, J., & E Schoeny, M. (2018). Neighborhood Concentrated Disadvantage and Dating Violence among Urban Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Neighborhood Social Processes. American Journal of Community Psychology, 61(3-4), 310-320. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12239
Garthe RC, et al. Neighborhood Concentrated Disadvantage and Dating Violence Among Urban Adolescents: the Mediating Role of Neighborhood Social Processes. Am J Community Psychol. 2018;61(3-4):310-320. PubMed PMID: 29537686.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Neighborhood Concentrated Disadvantage and Dating Violence among Urban Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Neighborhood Social Processes. AU - Garthe,Rachel C, AU - Gorman-Smith,Deborah, AU - Gregory,Joshua, AU - E Schoeny,Michael, Y1 - 2018/03/14/ PY - 2018/3/15/pubmed PY - 2019/10/8/medline PY - 2018/3/15/entrez KW - Concentrated disadvantage KW - Dating violence KW - Informal social control KW - Multilevel mediation KW - Neighborhood KW - Social cohesion KW - Social disorganization theory SP - 310 EP - 320 JF - American journal of community psychology JO - Am J Community Psychol VL - 61 IS - 3-4 N2 - The link between relationship violence and aspects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage (e.g., percent of unemployed adults, percent of families below poverty level), has been established. However, the literature examining neighborhood social processes, including informal social control and social cohesion, in relation to adolescent dating violence has shown mixed results with a limited theoretical foundation and methodology. Using a social disorganization theoretical framework, this study examined the mediating role of these neighborhood social processes in the relation between concentrated disadvantage and adolescent dating violence within an urban context. Participants included 605 adult residents in 30 census tracts and 203 adolescents from neighborhoods on the West and South sides of Chicago. Neighborhood-level concentrated disadvantage was measured via Census data, adult residents reported on neighborhood social processes, and youth reported on dating violence. Informal social control was negatively associated with dating violence, and social cohesion was positively associated with dating violence. A multilevel mediation model showed that concentrated disadvantage was related to higher levels of dating violence via lower levels of informal social control. These results extend social disorganization theory to dating violence within an urban context, while also highlighting the important role of neighborhood processes on relationship violence. Implications for research and intervention programming are discussed. SN - 1573-2770 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29537686/Neighborhood_Concentrated_Disadvantage_and_Dating_Violence_among_Urban_Adolescents:_The_Mediating_Role_of_Neighborhood_Social_Processes L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12239 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -