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Emergence of Monkeypox - West and Central Africa, 1970-2017.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Mar 16; 67(10):306-310.MM

Abstract

The recent apparent increase in human monkeypox cases across a wide geographic area, the potential for further spread, and the lack of reliable surveillance have raised the level of concern for this emerging zoonosis. In November 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with CDC, hosted an informal consultation on monkeypox with researchers, global health partners, ministries of health, and orthopoxvirus experts to review and discuss human monkeypox in African countries where cases have been recently detected and also identify components of surveillance and response that need improvement. Endemic human monkeypox has been reported from more countries in the past decade than during the previous 40 years. Since 2016, confirmed cases of monkeypox have occurred in Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone and in captive chimpanzees in Cameroon. Many countries with endemic monkeypox lack recent experience and specific knowledge about the disease to detect cases, treat patients, and prevent further spread of the virus. Specific improvements in surveillance capacity, laboratory diagnostics, and infection control measures are needed to launch an efficient response. Further, gaps in knowledge about the epidemiology and ecology of the virus need to be addressed to design, recommend, and implement needed prevention and control measures.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29543790

Citation

Durski, Kara N., et al. "Emergence of Monkeypox - West and Central Africa, 1970-2017." MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 67, no. 10, 2018, pp. 306-310.
Durski KN, McCollum AM, Nakazawa Y, et al. Emergence of Monkeypox - West and Central Africa, 1970-2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018;67(10):306-310.
Durski, K. N., McCollum, A. M., Nakazawa, Y., Petersen, B. W., Reynolds, M. G., Briand, S., Djingarey, M. H., Olson, V., Damon, I. K., & Khalakdina, A. (2018). Emergence of Monkeypox - West and Central Africa, 1970-2017. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 67(10), 306-310. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6710a5
Durski KN, et al. Emergence of Monkeypox - West and Central Africa, 1970-2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Mar 16;67(10):306-310. PubMed PMID: 29543790.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emergence of Monkeypox - West and Central Africa, 1970-2017. AU - Durski,Kara N, AU - McCollum,Andrea M, AU - Nakazawa,Yoshinori, AU - Petersen,Brett W, AU - Reynolds,Mary G, AU - Briand,Sylvie, AU - Djingarey,Mamoudou Harouna, AU - Olson,Victoria, AU - Damon,Inger K, AU - Khalakdina,Asheena, Y1 - 2018/03/16/ PY - 2018/3/16/entrez PY - 2018/3/16/pubmed PY - 2018/3/17/medline SP - 306 EP - 310 JF - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report JO - MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. VL - 67 IS - 10 N2 - The recent apparent increase in human monkeypox cases across a wide geographic area, the potential for further spread, and the lack of reliable surveillance have raised the level of concern for this emerging zoonosis. In November 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with CDC, hosted an informal consultation on monkeypox with researchers, global health partners, ministries of health, and orthopoxvirus experts to review and discuss human monkeypox in African countries where cases have been recently detected and also identify components of surveillance and response that need improvement. Endemic human monkeypox has been reported from more countries in the past decade than during the previous 40 years. Since 2016, confirmed cases of monkeypox have occurred in Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone and in captive chimpanzees in Cameroon. Many countries with endemic monkeypox lack recent experience and specific knowledge about the disease to detect cases, treat patients, and prevent further spread of the virus. Specific improvements in surveillance capacity, laboratory diagnostics, and infection control measures are needed to launch an efficient response. Further, gaps in knowledge about the epidemiology and ecology of the virus need to be addressed to design, recommend, and implement needed prevention and control measures. SN - 1545-861X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29543790/full_citation L2 - https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6710a5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -