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Nicotine dependence and its correlates among the adult tobacco users in a slum of Burdwan district, West Bengal, India.
J Family Med Prim Care 2017 Oct-Dec; 6(4):813-818JF

Abstract

Background

Tobacco kills half of its users, with smoking and smokeless tobacco killing nearly 6 million people worldwide - one death every 6 s in each year. Use of tobacco over time causes a physical and psychological addiction due to the presence of nicotine. To find out the level of nicotine dependence among adult (18 years and above) tobacco users and the factors responsible for it.

Materials and Methods

A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted among 128 current tobacco users in an urban slum of Burdwan District, West Bengal, India. Study tools comprised of predesigned, pretested, semi-structured schedule, containing Fagerström test for nicotine dependence (FTND) questionnaire. Data were collected by interview after getting consent from the participants. Chi-square test, unpaired student t-test, ANOVA, correlation coefficient, and linear regression was calculated. SPSS software (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Inc, Chicago, IL, USA). was used for analysis.

Results

High level of nicotine dependence was maximally seen among increased in age group, prolonged duration of use and daily users. Age, duration of tobacco use and habit of tobacco use had a significant positive correlation with FTND score while starting age of tobacco had a significant negative correlation. Then in multivariable linear regression, starting age of tobacco use, habit of tobacco use and duration of tobacco use emerged as a significant predictor of FTND score and could explain 27.3% of total variation in FTND score.

Conclusions

Suitable plan for quitting may be developed based on the FTND score of an individual, the most important determinant of quitting.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Medicine, IQ City Medical College, Durgapur, West Bengal, India.Department of Paediatric Medicine, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.Department of Community Medicine, IQ City Medical College, Durgapur, West Bengal, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29564269

Citation

Saha, Indranil, et al. "Nicotine Dependence and Its Correlates Among the Adult Tobacco Users in a Slum of Burdwan District, West Bengal, India." Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, vol. 6, no. 4, 2017, pp. 813-818.
Saha I, Islam K, Paul B, et al. Nicotine dependence and its correlates among the adult tobacco users in a slum of Burdwan district, West Bengal, India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2017;6(4):813-818.
Saha, I., Islam, K., Paul, B., & Som, T. K. (2017). Nicotine dependence and its correlates among the adult tobacco users in a slum of Burdwan district, West Bengal, India. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 6(4), pp. 813-818. doi:10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_42_17.
Saha I, et al. Nicotine Dependence and Its Correlates Among the Adult Tobacco Users in a Slum of Burdwan District, West Bengal, India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2017;6(4):813-818. PubMed PMID: 29564269.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nicotine dependence and its correlates among the adult tobacco users in a slum of Burdwan district, West Bengal, India. AU - Saha,Indranil, AU - Islam,Kamirul, AU - Paul,Bobby, AU - Som,Tapas Kumar, PY - 2018/3/23/entrez PY - 2018/3/23/pubmed PY - 2018/3/23/medline KW - Correlates KW - Fagerström test KW - Fagerström test for nicotine dependence score KW - nicotine dependence KW - tobacco users SP - 813 EP - 818 JF - Journal of family medicine and primary care JO - J Family Med Prim Care VL - 6 IS - 4 N2 - Background: Tobacco kills half of its users, with smoking and smokeless tobacco killing nearly 6 million people worldwide - one death every 6 s in each year. Use of tobacco over time causes a physical and psychological addiction due to the presence of nicotine. To find out the level of nicotine dependence among adult (18 years and above) tobacco users and the factors responsible for it. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted among 128 current tobacco users in an urban slum of Burdwan District, West Bengal, India. Study tools comprised of predesigned, pretested, semi-structured schedule, containing Fagerström test for nicotine dependence (FTND) questionnaire. Data were collected by interview after getting consent from the participants. Chi-square test, unpaired student t-test, ANOVA, correlation coefficient, and linear regression was calculated. SPSS software (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Inc, Chicago, IL, USA). was used for analysis. Results: High level of nicotine dependence was maximally seen among increased in age group, prolonged duration of use and daily users. Age, duration of tobacco use and habit of tobacco use had a significant positive correlation with FTND score while starting age of tobacco had a significant negative correlation. Then in multivariable linear regression, starting age of tobacco use, habit of tobacco use and duration of tobacco use emerged as a significant predictor of FTND score and could explain 27.3% of total variation in FTND score. Conclusions: Suitable plan for quitting may be developed based on the FTND score of an individual, the most important determinant of quitting. SN - 2249-4863 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29564269/Nicotine_dependence_and_its_correlates_among_the_adult_tobacco_users_in_a_slum_of_Burdwan_district_West_Bengal_India_ L2 - http://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2017;volume=6;issue=4;spage=813;epage=818;aulast=Saha DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -