[Palliative care in nephrology].Cas Lek Cesk. Spring 2018; 157(1):25-29.CL
Despite the advances in dialysis technology over the past decades, patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high symptom burden, shortened survival and substantial physical, emotional and spiritual suffering. Number of frailty patients with advanced chronic kidney disease is growing and for many of them the beginning or continuation of dialysis is associated with a high risk of short-term mortality or worsening of functional status. Identifying these fragile patients and integrating palliative care into standard nephrological care improves patients quality of life and has the potential to prolong their lives without demanding dialysis treatment. Nephrologists basic skills should include: estimating the prognosis, communication with the patient on advance care planning including end-of-life issues and consistent symptom management. In fragile patients with advanced chronic kidney disease, the disease-oriented model with quantitative targets is no longer an adequate approach to care.