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Lobomycosis-like disease in common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from Belize and Mexico: bridging the gap between the Americas.
Dis Aquat Organ. 2018 Mar 22; 128(1):1-12.DA

Abstract

Lobomycosis and lobomycosis-like diseases (LLD) (also: paracoccidioidomycosis) are chronic cutaneous infections that affect Delphinidae in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. In the Americas, these diseases have been relatively well-described, but gaps still exist in our understanding of their distribution across the continent. Here we report on LLD affecting inshore bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from the Caribbean waters of Belize and from the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean off the southwestern coast of Mexico. Photo-identification and catalog data gathered between 1992 and 2017 for 371 and 41 individuals, respectively from Belize and Mexico, were examined for the presence of LLD. In Belize, 5 free-ranging and 1 stranded dolphin were found positive in at least 3 communities with the highest prevalence in the south. In Guerrero, Mexico, 4 inshore bottlenose dolphins sighted in 2014-2017 were affected by LLD. These data highlight the need for histological and molecular studies to confirm the etiological agent. Additionally, we document a single case of LLD in an adult Atlantic spotted dolphin Stenella frontalis in southern Belize, the first report in this species. The role of environmental and anthropogenic factors in the occurrence, severity, and epidemiology of LLD in South and Central America requires further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York 10016, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29565249

Citation

Ramos, Eric A., et al. "Lobomycosis-like Disease in Common Bottlenose Dolphins Tursiops Truncatus From Belize and Mexico: Bridging the Gap Between the Americas." Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, vol. 128, no. 1, 2018, pp. 1-12.
Ramos EA, Castelblanco-Martínez DN, Garcia J, et al. Lobomycosis-like disease in common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from Belize and Mexico: bridging the gap between the Americas. Dis Aquat Org. 2018;128(1):1-12.
Ramos, E. A., Castelblanco-Martínez, D. N., Garcia, J., Rojas Arias, J., Foley, J. R., Audley, K., Van Waerebeek, K., & Van Bressem, M. F. (2018). Lobomycosis-like disease in common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from Belize and Mexico: bridging the gap between the Americas. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 128(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03206
Ramos EA, et al. Lobomycosis-like Disease in Common Bottlenose Dolphins Tursiops Truncatus From Belize and Mexico: Bridging the Gap Between the Americas. Dis Aquat Org. 2018 Mar 22;128(1):1-12. PubMed PMID: 29565249.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lobomycosis-like disease in common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from Belize and Mexico: bridging the gap between the Americas. AU - Ramos,Eric A, AU - Castelblanco-Martínez,Delma N, AU - Garcia,Jazmin, AU - Rojas Arias,Jorge, AU - Foley,James R, AU - Audley,Katherina, AU - Van Waerebeek,Koen, AU - Van Bressem,Marie-Françoise, PY - 2018/3/23/entrez PY - 2018/3/23/pubmed PY - 2018/7/24/medline KW - Americas KW - Cutaneous diseases KW - Lobomycosis-like disease KW - Odontocetes KW - Paracoccidioidomycosis KW - Stenella frontalis KW - Tursiops truncatus SP - 1 EP - 12 JF - Diseases of aquatic organisms JO - Dis. Aquat. Org. VL - 128 IS - 1 N2 - Lobomycosis and lobomycosis-like diseases (LLD) (also: paracoccidioidomycosis) are chronic cutaneous infections that affect Delphinidae in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. In the Americas, these diseases have been relatively well-described, but gaps still exist in our understanding of their distribution across the continent. Here we report on LLD affecting inshore bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from the Caribbean waters of Belize and from the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean off the southwestern coast of Mexico. Photo-identification and catalog data gathered between 1992 and 2017 for 371 and 41 individuals, respectively from Belize and Mexico, were examined for the presence of LLD. In Belize, 5 free-ranging and 1 stranded dolphin were found positive in at least 3 communities with the highest prevalence in the south. In Guerrero, Mexico, 4 inshore bottlenose dolphins sighted in 2014-2017 were affected by LLD. These data highlight the need for histological and molecular studies to confirm the etiological agent. Additionally, we document a single case of LLD in an adult Atlantic spotted dolphin Stenella frontalis in southern Belize, the first report in this species. The role of environmental and anthropogenic factors in the occurrence, severity, and epidemiology of LLD in South and Central America requires further investigation. SN - 0177-5103 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29565249/Lobomycosis_like_disease_in_common_bottlenose_dolphins_Tursiops_truncatus_from_Belize_and_Mexico:_bridging_the_gap_between_the_Americas_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/dao03206 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -