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Rationale for Dietary Antioxidant Treatment of ADHD.

Abstract

Increasing understanding arises regarding disadvantages of stimulant medication in children with ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). This review presents scientific findings supporting dietary antioxidant treatment of ADHD and describes substantial alterations in the immune system, epigenetic regulation of gene expression, and oxidative stress regulation in ADHD. As a result, chronic inflammation and oxidative stress could develop, which can lead to ADHD symptoms, for example by chronic T-cell-mediated neuroinflammation, as well as by neuronal oxidative damage and loss of normal cerebral functions. Therefore, modulation of immune system activity and oxidant-antioxidant balance using nutritional approaches might have potential in ADHD treatment. The use of natural antioxidants against oxidative conditions is an emerging field in the management of neurodegenerative diseases. Dietary polyphenols, for example, have antioxidant capacities as well as immunoregulatory effects and, therefore, appear appropriate in ADHD therapy. This review can stimulate the development and investigation of dietary antioxidant treatment in ADHD, which is highly desired.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Laboratory of Nutrition and Functional Food Science, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1 (A104), 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium. annelies.verlaet@uantwerpen.be.

    ,

    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Laboratory of Nutrition and Functional Food Science, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1 (A104), 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium. carlijn.maasakkers@radboudumc.nl. Department of Geriatric Medicine, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands. carlijn.maasakkers@radboudumc.nl. Cell Biology and Immunology Group, Wageningen University, De Elst 1 Building 122, 6709 PG Wageningen, The Netherlands. carlijn.maasakkers@radboudumc.nl.

    ,

    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Laboratory of Nutrition and Functional Food Science, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1 (A104), 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium. nina.hermans@uantwerpen.be.

    Cell Biology and Immunology Group, Wageningen University, De Elst 1 Building 122, 6709 PG Wageningen, The Netherlands. huub.savelkoul@wur.nl.

    Source

    Nutrients 10:4 2018 Mar 24 pg

    MeSH

    Antioxidants
    Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
    Dietary Supplements
    Epigenesis, Genetic
    Genetic Predisposition to Disease
    Healthy Diet
    Humans
    Immune System
    Nutritional Status
    Oxidative Stress
    Phenotype
    Treatment Outcome

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    29587355

    Citation

    Verlaet, Annelies A J., et al. "Rationale for Dietary Antioxidant Treatment of ADHD." Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 4, 2018.
    Verlaet AAJ, Maasakkers CM, Hermans N, et al. Rationale for Dietary Antioxidant Treatment of ADHD. Nutrients. 2018;10(4).
    Verlaet, A. A. J., Maasakkers, C. M., Hermans, N., & Savelkoul, H. F. J. (2018). Rationale for Dietary Antioxidant Treatment of ADHD. Nutrients, 10(4), doi:10.3390/nu10040405.
    Verlaet AAJ, et al. Rationale for Dietary Antioxidant Treatment of ADHD. Nutrients. 2018 Mar 24;10(4) PubMed PMID: 29587355.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Rationale for Dietary Antioxidant Treatment of ADHD. AU - Verlaet,Annelies A J, AU - Maasakkers,Carlijn M, AU - Hermans,Nina, AU - Savelkoul,Huub F J, Y1 - 2018/03/24/ PY - 2018/02/15/received PY - 2018/03/12/revised PY - 2018/03/21/accepted PY - 2018/3/29/entrez PY - 2018/3/29/pubmed PY - 2018/9/18/medline KW - ADHD KW - Pycnogenol® KW - antioxidant KW - immunity KW - oxidative stress JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 10 IS - 4 N2 - Increasing understanding arises regarding disadvantages of stimulant medication in children with ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). This review presents scientific findings supporting dietary antioxidant treatment of ADHD and describes substantial alterations in the immune system, epigenetic regulation of gene expression, and oxidative stress regulation in ADHD. As a result, chronic inflammation and oxidative stress could develop, which can lead to ADHD symptoms, for example by chronic T-cell-mediated neuroinflammation, as well as by neuronal oxidative damage and loss of normal cerebral functions. Therefore, modulation of immune system activity and oxidant-antioxidant balance using nutritional approaches might have potential in ADHD treatment. The use of natural antioxidants against oxidative conditions is an emerging field in the management of neurodegenerative diseases. Dietary polyphenols, for example, have antioxidant capacities as well as immunoregulatory effects and, therefore, appear appropriate in ADHD therapy. This review can stimulate the development and investigation of dietary antioxidant treatment in ADHD, which is highly desired. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29587355/Rationale_for_Dietary_Antioxidant_Treatment_of_ADHD_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu10040405 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -