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Ascorbic acid and sodium benzoate synergistically aggravates testicular dysfunction in adult Wistar rats.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The effect of the concomitant use of sodium benzoate (NaB) and ascorbic acid on human health remains controversial. Therefore, the current study is designed to investigate the effect of NaB and ascorbic acid on the testicular function of adult Wistar rats.

METHODS

Adult Wistar rats were randomly allotted into Control (vehicle; received 1 ml of distilled water), NaB-treated (SB-treated; received 100 mg/kg body weight; b.w), ascorbic acid-treated (AA-treated; received 150 mg/kg b.w) and NaB+ ascorbic acid-treated (SB+AA-treated) groups. The treatment lasted for 28 days and the administration was given orally. The body weight change was monitored. Semen analysis, biochemical assay and histological examination were performed.

RESULTS

Treatment with NaB significantly altered the cytoarchitecture of testicular tissue, sperm quality, testicular endocrine function and oxidative stress status without any alteration in body weight gain compared to control. In addition, treatment with NaB+ ascorbic acid exacerbated testicular tissue disruption, impaired sperm quality and testicular endocrine impairment with significant reduction in oxidative stress and unaltered body weight gain when compared with NaB-treated group.

CONCLUSION

This study suggests that ascorbic acid and NaB synergistically aggravates testicular dysfunction. This is independent of oxidative stress status.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiology, Afe Babalola UniversityAdo-Ekiti, Nigeria.Department of Anesthesia, University of Ilorin Teaching HospitalNigeria.Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, University of IlorinIlorin, Nigeria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29593849

Citation

Kehinde, Olaniyi S., et al. "Ascorbic Acid and Sodium Benzoate Synergistically Aggravates Testicular Dysfunction in Adult Wistar Rats." International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology, vol. 10, no. 1, 2018, pp. 39-46.
Kehinde OS, Christianah OI, Oyetunji OA. Ascorbic acid and sodium benzoate synergistically aggravates testicular dysfunction in adult Wistar rats. International journal of physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology. 2018;10(1):39-46.
Kehinde, O. S., Christianah, O. I., & Oyetunji, O. A. (2018). Ascorbic acid and sodium benzoate synergistically aggravates testicular dysfunction in adult Wistar rats. International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology, 10(1), 39-46.
Kehinde OS, Christianah OI, Oyetunji OA. Ascorbic Acid and Sodium Benzoate Synergistically Aggravates Testicular Dysfunction in Adult Wistar Rats. International journal of physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology. 2018;10(1):39-46. PubMed PMID: 29593849.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ascorbic acid and sodium benzoate synergistically aggravates testicular dysfunction in adult Wistar rats. AU - Kehinde,Olaniyi S, AU - Christianah,Oyewopo I, AU - Oyetunji,Oyewopo A, Y1 - 2018/03/10/ PY - 2018/02/08/received PY - 2018/02/26/accepted PY - 2018/3/30/entrez PY - 2018/3/30/pubmed PY - 2018/3/30/medline KW - Antioxidant KW - ascorbic acid KW - oxidative stress KW - sodium benzoate KW - testicular function SP - 39 EP - 46 JF - International journal of physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology VL - 10 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The effect of the concomitant use of sodium benzoate (NaB) and ascorbic acid on human health remains controversial. Therefore, the current study is designed to investigate the effect of NaB and ascorbic acid on the testicular function of adult Wistar rats. METHODS: Adult Wistar rats were randomly allotted into Control (vehicle; received 1 ml of distilled water), NaB-treated (SB-treated; received 100 mg/kg body weight; b.w), ascorbic acid-treated (AA-treated; received 150 mg/kg b.w) and NaB+ ascorbic acid-treated (SB+AA-treated) groups. The treatment lasted for 28 days and the administration was given orally. The body weight change was monitored. Semen analysis, biochemical assay and histological examination were performed. RESULTS: Treatment with NaB significantly altered the cytoarchitecture of testicular tissue, sperm quality, testicular endocrine function and oxidative stress status without any alteration in body weight gain compared to control. In addition, treatment with NaB+ ascorbic acid exacerbated testicular tissue disruption, impaired sperm quality and testicular endocrine impairment with significant reduction in oxidative stress and unaltered body weight gain when compared with NaB-treated group. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that ascorbic acid and NaB synergistically aggravates testicular dysfunction. This is independent of oxidative stress status. SN - 1944-8171 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29593849/Ascorbic_acid_and_sodium_benzoate_synergistically_aggravates_testicular_dysfunction_in_adult_Wistar_rats_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/29593849/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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