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Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, Cocaine, and Psychostimulants - United States, 2015-2016.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Mar 30; 67(12):349-358.MM

Abstract

During 1999‒2015, 568,699 persons died from drug overdoses in the United States.* Drug overdose deaths in the United States increased 11.4% from 2014 to 2015 resulting in 52,404 deaths in 2015, including 33,091 (63.1%) that involved an opioid. The largest rate increases from 2014 to 2015 occurred among deaths involving synthetic opioids other than methadone (synthetic opioids) (72.2%) (1). Because of demographic and geographic variations in overdose deaths involving different drugs (2,3),† CDC examined age-adjusted death rates for overdoses involving all opioids, opioid subcategories (i.e., prescription opioids, heroin, and synthetic opioids),§ cocaine, and psychostimulants with abuse potential (psychostimulants) by demographics, urbanization levels, and in 31 states and the District of Columbia (DC). There were 63,632 drug overdose deaths in 2016; 42,249 (66.4%) involved an opioid.¶ From 2015 to 2016, deaths increased across all drug categories examined. The largest overall rate increases occurred among deaths involving cocaine (52.4%) and synthetic opioids (100%), likely driven by illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) (2,3). Increases were observed across demographics, urbanization levels, and states and DC. The opioid overdose epidemic in the United States continues to worsen. A multifaceted approach, with faster and more comprehensive surveillance, is needed to track emerging threats to prevent and respond to the overdose epidemic through naloxone availability, safe prescribing practices, harm-reduction services, linkage into treatment, and more collaboration between public health and public safety agencies.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29596405

Citation

Seth, Puja, et al. "Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, Cocaine, and Psychostimulants - United States, 2015-2016." MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 67, no. 12, 2018, pp. 349-358.
Seth P, Scholl L, Rudd RA, et al. Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, Cocaine, and Psychostimulants - United States, 2015-2016. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018;67(12):349-358.
Seth, P., Scholl, L., Rudd, R. A., & Bacon, S. (2018). Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, Cocaine, and Psychostimulants - United States, 2015-2016. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 67(12), 349-358. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6712a1
Seth P, et al. Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, Cocaine, and Psychostimulants - United States, 2015-2016. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Mar 30;67(12):349-358. PubMed PMID: 29596405.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, Cocaine, and Psychostimulants - United States, 2015-2016. AU - Seth,Puja, AU - Scholl,Lawrence, AU - Rudd,Rose A, AU - Bacon,Sarah, Y1 - 2018/03/30/ PY - 2018/3/30/entrez PY - 2018/3/30/pubmed PY - 2018/4/3/medline SP - 349 EP - 358 JF - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report JO - MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. VL - 67 IS - 12 N2 - During 1999‒2015, 568,699 persons died from drug overdoses in the United States.* Drug overdose deaths in the United States increased 11.4% from 2014 to 2015 resulting in 52,404 deaths in 2015, including 33,091 (63.1%) that involved an opioid. The largest rate increases from 2014 to 2015 occurred among deaths involving synthetic opioids other than methadone (synthetic opioids) (72.2%) (1). Because of demographic and geographic variations in overdose deaths involving different drugs (2,3),† CDC examined age-adjusted death rates for overdoses involving all opioids, opioid subcategories (i.e., prescription opioids, heroin, and synthetic opioids),§ cocaine, and psychostimulants with abuse potential (psychostimulants) by demographics, urbanization levels, and in 31 states and the District of Columbia (DC). There were 63,632 drug overdose deaths in 2016; 42,249 (66.4%) involved an opioid.¶ From 2015 to 2016, deaths increased across all drug categories examined. The largest overall rate increases occurred among deaths involving cocaine (52.4%) and synthetic opioids (100%), likely driven by illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) (2,3). Increases were observed across demographics, urbanization levels, and states and DC. The opioid overdose epidemic in the United States continues to worsen. A multifaceted approach, with faster and more comprehensive surveillance, is needed to track emerging threats to prevent and respond to the overdose epidemic through naloxone availability, safe prescribing practices, harm-reduction services, linkage into treatment, and more collaboration between public health and public safety agencies. SN - 1545-861X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29596405/Overdose_Deaths_Involving_Opioids_Cocaine_and_Psychostimulants___United_States_2015_2016_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6712a1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -