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Dietary and hormonal interrelationships in premenopausal women: evidence for a relationship between dietary nutrients and plasma prolactin levels.
Am J Clin Nutr. 1987 Dec; 46(6):905-11.AJ

Abstract

To investigate possible differences in tissue exposures to reproductive hormones and to determine hormone-nutrient interrelationships, we studied 10 vegetarian and 10 nonvegetarian premenopausal Seventh-day Adventist women. Over 3 d in each of three consecutive menstrual cycles, we collected diet records, fasting midluteal phase blood, and 24-h urine samples. During each study period, we measured plasma and urinary estrogens, plasma free and protein bound-estradiol-17 beta, the binding capacity of sex-hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), androgens, progesterone, and prolactin levels. The omnivores consumed significantly more protein, total and saturated fatty acids, oleic and linoleic acids, and cholesterol than did the vegetarians. Hormonal status and binding capacity of SHBG were similar in both groups. However, for nonvegetarians, prolactin levels were positively correlated with dietary energy, protein, total and saturated fatty acids, and oleic acid. Further study delineating the effects of specific dietary nutrients on the basal level of prolactin secretion is warranted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, CA 92350.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2961251

Citation

Shultz, T D., et al. "Dietary and Hormonal Interrelationships in Premenopausal Women: Evidence for a Relationship Between Dietary Nutrients and Plasma Prolactin Levels." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 46, no. 6, 1987, pp. 905-11.
Shultz TD, Wilcox RB, Spuehler JM, et al. Dietary and hormonal interrelationships in premenopausal women: evidence for a relationship between dietary nutrients and plasma prolactin levels. Am J Clin Nutr. 1987;46(6):905-11.
Shultz, T. D., Wilcox, R. B., Spuehler, J. M., & Howie, B. J. (1987). Dietary and hormonal interrelationships in premenopausal women: evidence for a relationship between dietary nutrients and plasma prolactin levels. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 46(6), 905-11.
Shultz TD, et al. Dietary and Hormonal Interrelationships in Premenopausal Women: Evidence for a Relationship Between Dietary Nutrients and Plasma Prolactin Levels. Am J Clin Nutr. 1987;46(6):905-11. PubMed PMID: 2961251.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary and hormonal interrelationships in premenopausal women: evidence for a relationship between dietary nutrients and plasma prolactin levels. AU - Shultz,T D, AU - Wilcox,R B, AU - Spuehler,J M, AU - Howie,B J, PY - 1987/12/1/pubmed PY - 1987/12/1/medline PY - 1987/12/1/entrez SP - 905 EP - 11 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 46 IS - 6 N2 - To investigate possible differences in tissue exposures to reproductive hormones and to determine hormone-nutrient interrelationships, we studied 10 vegetarian and 10 nonvegetarian premenopausal Seventh-day Adventist women. Over 3 d in each of three consecutive menstrual cycles, we collected diet records, fasting midluteal phase blood, and 24-h urine samples. During each study period, we measured plasma and urinary estrogens, plasma free and protein bound-estradiol-17 beta, the binding capacity of sex-hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), androgens, progesterone, and prolactin levels. The omnivores consumed significantly more protein, total and saturated fatty acids, oleic and linoleic acids, and cholesterol than did the vegetarians. Hormonal status and binding capacity of SHBG were similar in both groups. However, for nonvegetarians, prolactin levels were positively correlated with dietary energy, protein, total and saturated fatty acids, and oleic acid. Further study delineating the effects of specific dietary nutrients on the basal level of prolactin secretion is warranted. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2961251/Dietary_and_hormonal_interrelationships_in_premenopausal_women:_evidence_for_a_relationship_between_dietary_nutrients_and_plasma_prolactin_levels_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/46.6.905 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -