Integrated Interface Strategy toward Room Temperature Solid-State Lithium Batteries.ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2018; 10(16):13588-13597AA
Solid-state lithium batteries have drawn wide attention to address the safety issues of power batteries. However, the development of solid-state lithium batteries is substantially limited by the poor electrochemical performances originating from the rigid interface between solid electrodes and solid-state electrolytes. In this work, a composite of poly(vinyl carbonate) and Li10SnP2S12 solid-state electrolyte is fabricated successfully via in situ polymerization to improve the rigid interface issues. The composite electrolyte presents a considerable room temperature conductivity of 0.2 mS cm-1, an electrochemical window exceeding 4.5 V, and a Li+ transport number of 0.6. It is demonstrated that solid-state lithium metal battery of LiFe0.2Mn0.8PO4 (LFMP)/composite electrolyte/Li can deliver a high capacity of 130 mA h g-1 with considerable capacity retention of 88% and Coulombic efficiency of exceeding 99% after 140 cycles at the rate of 0.5 C at room temperature. The superior electrochemical performance can be ascribed to the good compatibility of the composite electrolyte with Li metal and the integrated compatible interface between solid electrodes and the composite electrolyte engineered by in situ polymerization, which leads to a significant interfacial impedance decrease from 1292 to 213 Ω cm2 in solid-state Li-Li symmetrical cells. This work provides vital reference for improving the interface compatibility for room temperature solid-state lithium batteries.