Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India: Changing Etiological Understanding.
J Med Entomol. 2018 05 04; 55(3):523-526.JM

Abstract

Seasonal outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) with high case fatality have been occurring in Gorakhpur division in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India, for more than three decades. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) accounted for <10% of AES cases, while the etiology of the remaining cases remained largely unknown. Investigations conducted during the 2014 and 2015 outbreaks indicated Orientia tsutsugamushi (Haruo Hayashi 1920) (Norio Ogata 1929) Tamura et al. 1995 (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae) as the etiology in about 60% of AES cases. Hospital-based surveillance studies indicated that about one-fifth of the patients with acute febrile illness were due to scrub typhus. Further studies are required to identify the etiology of about a third of AES cases that test negative for scrub typhus, JEV, or dengue.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Institute of Epidemiology, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chennai, India.National Institute of Epidemiology, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chennai, India.BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur, India.Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29635529

Citation

Murhekar, Manoj, et al. "Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India: Changing Etiological Understanding." Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 55, no. 3, 2018, pp. 523-526.
Murhekar M, Vivian Thangaraj JW, Mittal M, et al. Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India: Changing Etiological Understanding. J Med Entomol. 2018;55(3):523-526.
Murhekar, M., Vivian Thangaraj, J. W., Mittal, M., & Gupta, N. (2018). Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India: Changing Etiological Understanding. Journal of Medical Entomology, 55(3), 523-526. https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjy042
Murhekar M, et al. Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India: Changing Etiological Understanding. J Med Entomol. 2018 05 4;55(3):523-526. PubMed PMID: 29635529.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India: Changing Etiological Understanding. AU - Murhekar,Manoj, AU - Vivian Thangaraj,Jeromie Wesley, AU - Mittal,Mahima, AU - Gupta,Nivedita, PY - 2018/01/09/received PY - 2018/4/11/pubmed PY - 2019/6/6/medline PY - 2018/4/11/entrez SP - 523 EP - 526 JF - Journal of medical entomology JO - J. Med. Entomol. VL - 55 IS - 3 N2 - Seasonal outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) with high case fatality have been occurring in Gorakhpur division in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India, for more than three decades. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) accounted for <10% of AES cases, while the etiology of the remaining cases remained largely unknown. Investigations conducted during the 2014 and 2015 outbreaks indicated Orientia tsutsugamushi (Haruo Hayashi 1920) (Norio Ogata 1929) Tamura et al. 1995 (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae) as the etiology in about 60% of AES cases. Hospital-based surveillance studies indicated that about one-fifth of the patients with acute febrile illness were due to scrub typhus. Further studies are required to identify the etiology of about a third of AES cases that test negative for scrub typhus, JEV, or dengue. SN - 1938-2928 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29635529/Acute_Encephalitis_Syndrome_in_Eastern_Uttar_Pradesh_India:_Changing_Etiological_Understanding_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jme/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jme/tjy042 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -