Prospective investigation of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia with hydromorphone or sufentanil: impact on mood, opioid adverse effects, and recovery.BMC Anesthesiol. 2018 04 10; 18(1):37.BA
Radical surgery for colorectal cancer, associated with moderate to severe postoperative pain, needs multimodal analgesia with opioid for analgesia. Despite considerable advancements, the psychological implications and other side effects with opioid remain substantially unresolved. This study aimed to investigate the impact on mood, side effects relative to opioid, and recovery of the patients with hydromorphone or sufentanil intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) in a multimodal perioperative analgesia regimen undergoing radical surgery for colorectal cancer.
Eighty patients undergoing elective laparoscopic or open radical surgery for colorectal cancer under general anesthesia were randomized to receive postoperative IV-PCA with either sufentanil (group S) or hydromorphone (group H). All patients received additionally flurbiprofen axetil 50 mg 30 min before the end of surgery and wound infiltration with 10 ml of 0.75% ropivacaine at the end of surgery. The primary endpoint was mood changes at 48 and 96 h after surgery. The secondary endpoints were the incidence of opioid-related adverse effects, recovery results and patient satisfaction after surgery.
Seventy-two patients completed the study finally. There were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to preoperative parameters, surgical and anesthetic characteristics (P > 0.05). No obvious significant differences were observed in VAS score (at rest and during mobilization) and rescue analgesics use (P > 0.05). Compared with group S, the anger scores in the group H at 48 h and 96 h after surgery were significantly lower (P = 0.012 and 0.005; respectively), but the incidences of pruritus and nausea were higher (P = 0.028 and 0.008; respectively). There were no significant differences in the incidences of vomiting, respiratory depression, dizziness, Ramsay score, and hemodynamic changes between the two groups (P > 0.05). Moreover, there were no significant differences in the time to gastrointestinal recovery, time to drainage tube removal, time to walk, hospital stay after surgery and patient satisfaction between the two groups (P > 0.05).
Under the similar analgesia effect with different opoiods postoperatively, hydromorphone IV-PCA resulted in an improved mood, however, a higher occurrence of pruritus and nausea while compared to sufentanil IV-PCA in a multimodal perioperative analgesia regimen. Both regimens of opioid with IV-PCA may serve as promising candidates for good postoperative pain management, and provide with similar postoperative recovery for the patients undergoing radical surgery for colorectal cancer.
This study was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry on September 20, 2015 (URL: http://www.chictr.org.cn . Registry number: ChiCTR-IPR-15007112).