Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a low-cost, virtual-reality based, upper-limb stroke rehabilitation device: a mixed methods study.
Disabil Rehabil. 2019 09; 41(18):2119-2134.DR

Abstract

Purpose:

To establish feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of an adapted version of a commercially available, virtual-reality gaming system (the Personalised Stroke Therapy system) for upper-limb rehabilitation with community dwelling stroke-survivors. Method: Twelve stroke-survivors (nine females, mean age 58 years, [standard deviation 7.1], median stroke chronicity 42 months [interquartile range 34.7], Motricity index 14-25 for shoulder and elbow) were asked to complete nine, 40-min intervention sessions using two activities on the system over 3 weeks. Feasibility and acceptability were assessed through a semi-structured interview, recording of adverse effects, adherence, enjoyment (using an 11-point Likert scale), and perceived exertion (using the BORG scale). Assessments of impairment (Fugl-Meyer Assessment Upper extremity), activity (ABILHAND, Action Research Arm Test, Motor Activity Log-28), and participation (Subjective Index of Physical and Social Outcome) were completed at baseline, following intervention, and at 4-week follow-up. Data were analysed using Thematic Analysis of interview and intervention field-notes and Wilcoxon Signed Ranks. Side-by-side displays were used to integrate findings.

Results:

Participants received between 175 and 336 min of intervention. Thirteen non-serious adverse effects were reported by five participants. Participants reported a high level of enjoyment (8.1 and 6.8 out of 10) and rated exertion between 11.6 and 12.9 out of 20. Themes of improvements in impairments and increased spontaneous use in functional activities were identified and supported by improvements in all outcome measures between baseline and post-intervention (p < 0.05 for all measures).

Conclusions:

Integrated findings suggested that the system is feasible and acceptable for use with a group of community-dwelling stroke-survivors including those with moderately-severe disability. Implications for rehabilitation To ensure feasibility of use and maintenance of an appropriate level of challenge, gaming technologies for use in upper-limb stroke rehabilitation should be personalised, dependent on individual need. Through the use of hands-free systems and personalisation, stroke survivors with moderate and moderately-severe levels of upper-limb impairment following stroke are able to use gaming technologies as a means of delivering upper-limb rehabilitation. Future studies should address issues of acceptability, feasibility, and efficacy of personalised gaming technologies for delivery of upper-limb stroke rehabilitation in the home environment. Findings from this study can be used to develop future games and activities suitable for use in stroke rehabilitation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Health Sciences and Social Care , Brunel University London , Uxbridge , UK.b Department of Computing and Information Systems , University of Greenwich , London , UK.c ImaginationLancaster , Lancaster University , Lancaster , UK.a Department of Health Sciences and Social Care , Brunel University London , Uxbridge , UK.a Department of Health Sciences and Social Care , Brunel University London , Uxbridge , UK.a Department of Health Sciences and Social Care , Brunel University London , Uxbridge , UK.a Department of Health Sciences and Social Care , Brunel University London , Uxbridge , UK.a Department of Health Sciences and Social Care , Brunel University London , Uxbridge , UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29644897

Citation

Warland, Alyson, et al. "The Feasibility, Acceptability and Preliminary Efficacy of a Low-cost, Virtual-reality Based, Upper-limb Stroke Rehabilitation Device: a Mixed Methods Study." Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 41, no. 18, 2019, pp. 2119-2134.
Warland A, Paraskevopoulos I, Tsekleves E, et al. The feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a low-cost, virtual-reality based, upper-limb stroke rehabilitation device: a mixed methods study. Disabil Rehabil. 2019;41(18):2119-2134.
Warland, A., Paraskevopoulos, I., Tsekleves, E., Ryan, J., Nowicky, A., Griscti, J., Levings, H., & Kilbride, C. (2019). The feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a low-cost, virtual-reality based, upper-limb stroke rehabilitation device: a mixed methods study. Disability and Rehabilitation, 41(18), 2119-2134. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1459881
Warland A, et al. The Feasibility, Acceptability and Preliminary Efficacy of a Low-cost, Virtual-reality Based, Upper-limb Stroke Rehabilitation Device: a Mixed Methods Study. Disabil Rehabil. 2019;41(18):2119-2134. PubMed PMID: 29644897.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a low-cost, virtual-reality based, upper-limb stroke rehabilitation device: a mixed methods study. AU - Warland,Alyson, AU - Paraskevopoulos,Ioannis, AU - Tsekleves,Emmanuel, AU - Ryan,Jennifer, AU - Nowicky,Alexander, AU - Griscti,Josephine, AU - Levings,Hannah, AU - Kilbride,Cherry, Y1 - 2018/04/12/ PY - 2018/4/13/pubmed PY - 2020/6/24/medline PY - 2018/4/13/entrez KW - Gaming technologies KW - game-based rehabilitation KW - hemiplegia KW - stroke rehabilitation KW - technology KW - virtual reality SP - 2119 EP - 2134 JF - Disability and rehabilitation JO - Disabil Rehabil VL - 41 IS - 18 N2 - Purpose: To establish feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of an adapted version of a commercially available, virtual-reality gaming system (the Personalised Stroke Therapy system) for upper-limb rehabilitation with community dwelling stroke-survivors. Method: Twelve stroke-survivors (nine females, mean age 58 years, [standard deviation 7.1], median stroke chronicity 42 months [interquartile range 34.7], Motricity index 14-25 for shoulder and elbow) were asked to complete nine, 40-min intervention sessions using two activities on the system over 3 weeks. Feasibility and acceptability were assessed through a semi-structured interview, recording of adverse effects, adherence, enjoyment (using an 11-point Likert scale), and perceived exertion (using the BORG scale). Assessments of impairment (Fugl-Meyer Assessment Upper extremity), activity (ABILHAND, Action Research Arm Test, Motor Activity Log-28), and participation (Subjective Index of Physical and Social Outcome) were completed at baseline, following intervention, and at 4-week follow-up. Data were analysed using Thematic Analysis of interview and intervention field-notes and Wilcoxon Signed Ranks. Side-by-side displays were used to integrate findings. Results: Participants received between 175 and 336 min of intervention. Thirteen non-serious adverse effects were reported by five participants. Participants reported a high level of enjoyment (8.1 and 6.8 out of 10) and rated exertion between 11.6 and 12.9 out of 20. Themes of improvements in impairments and increased spontaneous use in functional activities were identified and supported by improvements in all outcome measures between baseline and post-intervention (p < 0.05 for all measures). Conclusions: Integrated findings suggested that the system is feasible and acceptable for use with a group of community-dwelling stroke-survivors including those with moderately-severe disability. Implications for rehabilitation To ensure feasibility of use and maintenance of an appropriate level of challenge, gaming technologies for use in upper-limb stroke rehabilitation should be personalised, dependent on individual need. Through the use of hands-free systems and personalisation, stroke survivors with moderate and moderately-severe levels of upper-limb impairment following stroke are able to use gaming technologies as a means of delivering upper-limb rehabilitation. Future studies should address issues of acceptability, feasibility, and efficacy of personalised gaming technologies for delivery of upper-limb stroke rehabilitation in the home environment. Findings from this study can be used to develop future games and activities suitable for use in stroke rehabilitation. SN - 1464-5165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29644897/The_feasibility_acceptability_and_preliminary_efficacy_of_a_low_cost_virtual_reality_based_upper_limb_stroke_rehabilitation_device:_a_mixed_methods_study_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09638288.2018.1459881 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -