Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training in the Management of Patients With Asthma: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2018; 38(3):198-203JC

Abstract

PURPOSE

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on respiratory muscle strength, exercise capacity, dyspnea, fatigue, quality of life, and daily living activities of asthmatic patients.

METHODS

Thirty-eight asthmatic patients, between 18 and 65 years of age, were enrolled in the study and randomly divided into 2 groups; IMT (n = 20) or control (n = 18). Participants in the IMT group performed 30 breaths using a patient-specific threshold pressure device, twice daily for 6 wk at 50% maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), in addition to "breathing training" during this period. Participants in the control group performed only the "breathing training" (sham or no threshold pressure device). Outcome measurements, performed before and after the intervention, included pulmonary function test, respiratory muscle strength, 6-min walk test, modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale, St George's Respiratory Questionnaire, Fatigue Severity Scale, and London Chest Activity of Daily Living scale.

RESULTS

Among the outcomes in the study, changes to key variables including MIP (P < .01); MIP, percent predicted (P < .01); maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), percent predicted (P < .01); 6-min walk test walking distance (P = .001); modified Medical Research Council scale (P =<.001); Fatigue Severity Scale (P = .03); St George's Respiratory Questionnaire symptoms (P = .03); London Chest Activity of Daily Living domestic (P = .03); and London Chest Activity of Daily Living leisure (P = .01) were significantly different in favor of IMT versus control.

CONCLUSION

These findings suggest that IMT may be an effective modality to enhance respiratory muscle strength, exercise capacity, quality of life, daily living activities, reduced perception of dyspnea, and fatigue in asthmatic patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences (Dr Duruturk and Ms Manolya Acar) and Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine (Dr Doğrul), Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29652761

Citation

Duruturk, Neslihan, et al. "Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training in the Management of Patients With Asthma: a RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL." Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, vol. 38, no. 3, 2018, pp. 198-203.
Duruturk N, Acar M, Doğrul MI. Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training in the Management of Patients With Asthma: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2018;38(3):198-203.
Duruturk, N., Acar, M., & Doğrul, M. I. (2018). Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training in the Management of Patients With Asthma: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, 38(3), pp. 198-203. doi:10.1097/HCR.0000000000000318.
Duruturk N, Acar M, Doğrul MI. Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training in the Management of Patients With Asthma: a RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2018;38(3):198-203. PubMed PMID: 29652761.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training in the Management of Patients With Asthma: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL. AU - Duruturk,Neslihan, AU - Acar,Manolya, AU - Doğrul,Mustafa Ilgaz, PY - 2018/4/14/pubmed PY - 2018/4/14/medline PY - 2018/4/14/entrez SP - 198 EP - 203 JF - Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention JO - J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev VL - 38 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on respiratory muscle strength, exercise capacity, dyspnea, fatigue, quality of life, and daily living activities of asthmatic patients. METHODS: Thirty-eight asthmatic patients, between 18 and 65 years of age, were enrolled in the study and randomly divided into 2 groups; IMT (n = 20) or control (n = 18). Participants in the IMT group performed 30 breaths using a patient-specific threshold pressure device, twice daily for 6 wk at 50% maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), in addition to "breathing training" during this period. Participants in the control group performed only the "breathing training" (sham or no threshold pressure device). Outcome measurements, performed before and after the intervention, included pulmonary function test, respiratory muscle strength, 6-min walk test, modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale, St George's Respiratory Questionnaire, Fatigue Severity Scale, and London Chest Activity of Daily Living scale. RESULTS: Among the outcomes in the study, changes to key variables including MIP (P < .01); MIP, percent predicted (P < .01); maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), percent predicted (P < .01); 6-min walk test walking distance (P = .001); modified Medical Research Council scale (P =<.001); Fatigue Severity Scale (P = .03); St George's Respiratory Questionnaire symptoms (P = .03); London Chest Activity of Daily Living domestic (P = .03); and London Chest Activity of Daily Living leisure (P = .01) were significantly different in favor of IMT versus control. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that IMT may be an effective modality to enhance respiratory muscle strength, exercise capacity, quality of life, daily living activities, reduced perception of dyspnea, and fatigue in asthmatic patients. SN - 1932-751X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29652761/Effect_of_Inspiratory_Muscle_Training_in_the_Management_of_Patients_With_Asthma:_A_RANDOMIZED_CONTROLLED_TRIAL_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=29652761 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -