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Daily Snacking Occasions and Weight Status Among US Children Aged 1 to 5 Years.
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2018 06; 26(6):1034-1042.O

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To characterize associations of snacking frequency with weight status among US children aged 1 to 5 years.

METHODS

Participants were children (n = 4,669) aged 1 to 5 years in the 2005 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Snacking was assessed by two 24-hour dietary recalls using definitions that considered "snack" occasions as well as other foods/beverages consumed between meals. Overweight/obesity (OW/OB) was defined using percentile cutoffs: ≥ 97.7th weight-for-length (< 2 years) cutoff and the ≥ 85th BMI-for-age (≥ 2 years) cutoff. Linear/logistic regressions evaluated snacking based on daily occasions and relative to current recommendations (two to three snacks per day).

RESULTS

During 2005 to 2014, US children aged 1 to 5 years consumed, on average, two to three snacks daily. Children with normal weight in both age groups tended to snack less frequently than children with OW/OB when considering all foods/beverages eaten between meals (P < 0.01-0.12). Across most snacking definitions, children < 2 years who snacked more frequently than recommended had greater odds of having OW/OB (P < 0.01-0.12) and consumed greater daily snack energy than those who snacked within recommendations (all P < 0.01). Recommendations did not clearly delineate weight status among children aged 2 to 5 years.

CONCLUSIONS

Snacking frequency and weight are positively associated among US children 1 to 5 years old, with most consistent associations seen among children < 2 years old and when considering all foods/beverages consumed between meals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, College of Public Health, Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.Department of Behavioral Health and Nutrition, College of Health Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.Department of Nutrition Science, College of Health and Human Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, College of Public Health, Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29656571

Citation

Kachurak, Alexandria, et al. "Daily Snacking Occasions and Weight Status Among US Children Aged 1 to 5 Years." Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), vol. 26, no. 6, 2018, pp. 1034-1042.
Kachurak A, Davey A, Bailey RL, et al. Daily Snacking Occasions and Weight Status Among US Children Aged 1 to 5 Years. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2018;26(6):1034-1042.
Kachurak, A., Davey, A., Bailey, R. L., & Fisher, J. O. (2018). Daily Snacking Occasions and Weight Status Among US Children Aged 1 to 5 Years. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 26(6), 1034-1042. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22172
Kachurak A, et al. Daily Snacking Occasions and Weight Status Among US Children Aged 1 to 5 Years. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2018;26(6):1034-1042. PubMed PMID: 29656571.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Daily Snacking Occasions and Weight Status Among US Children Aged 1 to 5 Years. AU - Kachurak,Alexandria, AU - Davey,Adam, AU - Bailey,Regan L, AU - Fisher,Jennifer O, Y1 - 2018/04/14/ PY - 2017/07/20/received PY - 2018/02/20/revised PY - 2018/02/23/accepted PY - 2018/4/16/pubmed PY - 2019/9/7/medline PY - 2018/4/16/entrez SP - 1034 EP - 1042 JF - Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) JO - Obesity (Silver Spring) VL - 26 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To characterize associations of snacking frequency with weight status among US children aged 1 to 5 years. METHODS: Participants were children (n = 4,669) aged 1 to 5 years in the 2005 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Snacking was assessed by two 24-hour dietary recalls using definitions that considered "snack" occasions as well as other foods/beverages consumed between meals. Overweight/obesity (OW/OB) was defined using percentile cutoffs: ≥ 97.7th weight-for-length (< 2 years) cutoff and the ≥ 85th BMI-for-age (≥ 2 years) cutoff. Linear/logistic regressions evaluated snacking based on daily occasions and relative to current recommendations (two to three snacks per day). RESULTS: During 2005 to 2014, US children aged 1 to 5 years consumed, on average, two to three snacks daily. Children with normal weight in both age groups tended to snack less frequently than children with OW/OB when considering all foods/beverages eaten between meals (P < 0.01-0.12). Across most snacking definitions, children < 2 years who snacked more frequently than recommended had greater odds of having OW/OB (P < 0.01-0.12) and consumed greater daily snack energy than those who snacked within recommendations (all P < 0.01). Recommendations did not clearly delineate weight status among children aged 2 to 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: Snacking frequency and weight are positively associated among US children 1 to 5 years old, with most consistent associations seen among children < 2 years old and when considering all foods/beverages consumed between meals. SN - 1930-739X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29656571/Daily_Snacking_Occasions_and_Weight_Status_Among_US_Children_Aged_1_to_5_Years_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22172 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -