Gasping for a Diagnosis: Pediatric Vocal Cord Dysfunction.J Pediatr Health Care. 2019 Jan; 33(1):5-13.JP
Vocal cord dysfunction is an obstruction of the upper airway, primarily on inspiration, due to the paradoxical adduction of the vocal cords. Vocal cord dysfunction continues to be underdiagnosed as its own entity. The lack of diagnosis can be attributed to the overlap of symptoms between asthma and exercise-induced bronchospasm. It is possible for patients diagnosed with asthma and/or exercise-induced bronchospasm to have underlying vocal cord dysfunction, which needs to be considered when prescribing asthma medications. This article will review the history of vocal cord dysfunction, the differential diagnosis, diagnostic testing, and the role of the nurse practitioner in caring for these patients.