Association of Serum Soluble CD163 with Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis, Especially in Anti-MDA5 Antibody-positive Cases.J Rheumatol 2018; 45(7):947-955JR
We elucidated the association of serum soluble CD163 (sCD163) with rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD), autoantibody profiles, and serum ferritin in patients with polymyositis (PM), classic dermatomyositis (DM), and clinical amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM).
Serum sCD163 levels were retrospectively measured by ELISA in patients with PM, classic DM, and CADM, as well as in healthy controls (HC). Repeat sera samples were obtained posttreatment from available patients. The associations between serum sCD163 levels and clinical information were analyzed.
Serum sCD163 levels in patients with PM/classic DM/CADM were significantly higher than those in HC (n = 72, 56, 34, and 68, respectively; p < 0.001 for all comparisons). No significant difference was observed between serum sCD163 levels in patients with and without ILD (p = 0.16) or between those with RP-ILD and chronic ILD (p = 0.21). Serum sCD163 levels were significantly higher in patients with anti-MDA5 antibodies (n = 27) than in those without (p = 0.001). Serum sCD163 levels were weakly correlated with serum ferritin levels in the patients with PM, classic DM, and CADM (r = 0.21). Serum sCD163 levels decreased significantly following treatment in all patient groups (p = 0.003).
The present results suggest an association of serum sCD163 with PM, classic DM, and CADM, especially in anti-MDA5 antibody-positive cases. However, serum sCD163 levels were not specifically associated with ILD or RP-ILD.