Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Saturated Fats from Butter but Not from Cheese Increase HDL-Mediated Cholesterol Efflux Capacity from J774 Macrophages in Men and Women with Abdominal Obesity.
J Nutr. 2018 04 01; 148(4):573-580.JN

Abstract

Background

Recent evidence suggests that the association between dietary saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and coronary artery disease risk varies according to food sources. How SFAs from butter and cheese influence HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), a key process in reverse cholesterol transport, is currently unknown.

Objective

In a predefined secondary analysis of a previously published trial, we have examined how diets rich in SFAs from either cheese or butter influence HDL-mediated CEC, compared with diets rich in either monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) or polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs).

Methods

In a randomized crossover controlled consumption trial, 46 men and women with abdominal obesity consumed 5 isocaloric diets, each for 4 wk. Two diets were rich in SFAs either from cheese (CHEESE) or butter (BUTTER) [12.4-12.6% of energy (%E) as SFAs, 32%E as fat, 52%E as carbohydrates]. In 2 other diets, SFAs (5.8%E) were replaced with either MUFAs from refined olive oil (MUFA) or PUFAs from corn oil (PUFA). Finally, a lower fat and carbohydrate diet was used as a control (5.8%E as SFAs, 25.0%E as fat, 59%E as carbohydrates; CHO). Post-diet HDL-mediated CEC was determined ex vivo using radiolabelled J774 macrophages incubated with apolipoprotein B-depleted serum from the participants.

Results

Mean (±SD) age was 41.4 ± 14.2 y, and waist circumference was 107.6 ± 11.5 cm in men and 94.3 ± 12.4 cm in women. BUTTER and MUFA increased HDL-mediated CEC compared with CHEESE (+4.3%, P = 0.026 and +4.7%, P = 0.031, respectively). Exploring the significant diet × sex interaction (P = 0.044) revealed that the increase in HDL-mediated CEC after BUTTER compared with CHEESE was significant among men (+6.0%, P = 0.047) but not women (+2.9%, P = 0.19), whereas the increase after MUFA compared with CHEESE was significant among women (+9.1%, P = 0.008) but not men (-0.6%, P = 0.99).

Conclusion

These results provide evidence of a food matrix effect modulating the impact of dairy SFAs on HDL-mediated CEC with potential sex-related differences that deserve further investigation. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02106208.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), School of Nutrition, Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (CRIUCPQ) and Department of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, CHU de Quebec Research Center, and Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (CRIUCPQ) and Department of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, CHU de Quebec Research Center, and Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (CRIUCPQ) and Department of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, CHU de Quebec Research Center, and Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), School of Nutrition, Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (CRIUCPQ) and Department of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, CHU de Quebec Research Center, and Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), School of Nutrition, Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (CRIUCPQ) and Department of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, CHU de Quebec Research Center, and Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, CHU de Quebec Research Center, and Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), School of Nutrition, Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (CRIUCPQ) and Department of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, CHU de Quebec Research Center, and Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), School of Nutrition, Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (CRIUCPQ) and Department of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, CHU de Quebec Research Center, and Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.Cardiovascular Nutrition Laboratory, Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA.Richardson Centre for Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals (RCFFN), University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), School of Nutrition, Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (CRIUCPQ) and Department of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, CHU de Quebec Research Center, and Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), School of Nutrition, Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (CRIUCPQ) and Department of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, CHU de Quebec Research Center, and Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29659963

Citation

Brassard, Didier, et al. "Saturated Fats From Butter but Not From Cheese Increase HDL-Mediated Cholesterol Efflux Capacity From J774 Macrophages in Men and Women With Abdominal Obesity." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 148, no. 4, 2018, pp. 573-580.
Brassard D, Arsenault BJ, Boyer M, et al. Saturated Fats from Butter but Not from Cheese Increase HDL-Mediated Cholesterol Efflux Capacity from J774 Macrophages in Men and Women with Abdominal Obesity. J Nutr. 2018;148(4):573-580.
Brassard, D., Arsenault, B. J., Boyer, M., Bernic, D., Tessier-Grenier, M., Talbot, D., Tremblay, A., Levy, E., Asztalos, B., Jones, P. J. H., Couture, P., & Lamarche, B. (2018). Saturated Fats from Butter but Not from Cheese Increase HDL-Mediated Cholesterol Efflux Capacity from J774 Macrophages in Men and Women with Abdominal Obesity. The Journal of Nutrition, 148(4), 573-580. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxy014
Brassard D, et al. Saturated Fats From Butter but Not From Cheese Increase HDL-Mediated Cholesterol Efflux Capacity From J774 Macrophages in Men and Women With Abdominal Obesity. J Nutr. 2018 04 1;148(4):573-580. PubMed PMID: 29659963.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Saturated Fats from Butter but Not from Cheese Increase HDL-Mediated Cholesterol Efflux Capacity from J774 Macrophages in Men and Women with Abdominal Obesity. AU - Brassard,Didier, AU - Arsenault,Benoît J, AU - Boyer,Marjorie, AU - Bernic,Daniela, AU - Tessier-Grenier,Maude, AU - Talbot,Denis, AU - Tremblay,Angelo, AU - Levy,Emile, AU - Asztalos,Bela, AU - Jones,Peter J H, AU - Couture,Patrick, AU - Lamarche,Benoît, PY - 2017/09/07/received PY - 2018/01/16/accepted PY - 2018/4/17/entrez PY - 2018/4/17/pubmed PY - 2019/3/9/medline SP - 573 EP - 580 JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J Nutr VL - 148 IS - 4 N2 - Background: Recent evidence suggests that the association between dietary saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and coronary artery disease risk varies according to food sources. How SFAs from butter and cheese influence HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), a key process in reverse cholesterol transport, is currently unknown. Objective: In a predefined secondary analysis of a previously published trial, we have examined how diets rich in SFAs from either cheese or butter influence HDL-mediated CEC, compared with diets rich in either monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) or polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Methods: In a randomized crossover controlled consumption trial, 46 men and women with abdominal obesity consumed 5 isocaloric diets, each for 4 wk. Two diets were rich in SFAs either from cheese (CHEESE) or butter (BUTTER) [12.4-12.6% of energy (%E) as SFAs, 32%E as fat, 52%E as carbohydrates]. In 2 other diets, SFAs (5.8%E) were replaced with either MUFAs from refined olive oil (MUFA) or PUFAs from corn oil (PUFA). Finally, a lower fat and carbohydrate diet was used as a control (5.8%E as SFAs, 25.0%E as fat, 59%E as carbohydrates; CHO). Post-diet HDL-mediated CEC was determined ex vivo using radiolabelled J774 macrophages incubated with apolipoprotein B-depleted serum from the participants. Results: Mean (±SD) age was 41.4 ± 14.2 y, and waist circumference was 107.6 ± 11.5 cm in men and 94.3 ± 12.4 cm in women. BUTTER and MUFA increased HDL-mediated CEC compared with CHEESE (+4.3%, P = 0.026 and +4.7%, P = 0.031, respectively). Exploring the significant diet × sex interaction (P = 0.044) revealed that the increase in HDL-mediated CEC after BUTTER compared with CHEESE was significant among men (+6.0%, P = 0.047) but not women (+2.9%, P = 0.19), whereas the increase after MUFA compared with CHEESE was significant among women (+9.1%, P = 0.008) but not men (-0.6%, P = 0.99). Conclusion: These results provide evidence of a food matrix effect modulating the impact of dairy SFAs on HDL-mediated CEC with potential sex-related differences that deserve further investigation. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02106208. SN - 1541-6100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29659963/Saturated_Fats_from_Butter_but_Not_from_Cheese_Increase_HDL_Mediated_Cholesterol_Efflux_Capacity_from_J774_Macrophages_in_Men_and_Women_with_Abdominal_Obesity_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jn/nxy014 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -