Comparison of outcomes after HLA-matched unrelated and αβ T-cell-depleted haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for children with high-risk acute leukemia.Pediatr Transplant. 2018 06; 22(4):e13192.PT
T-cell-depleted HAPLO HSCT is an option to treat children with high-risk acute leukemia lacking an HLA-identical donor. We reviewed the outcome of children with acute leukemia after HAPLO (n = 21) and HLA-MUD (n = 32) transplantation. The proportion of patients with ≥CR2 was significantly higher in HAPLO transplantation than MUD transplantation. Patients with MUD transplantation were significantly higher ABO incompatible than patients with HAPLO transplantation. There was no difference between the 2 groups in terms of engraftment, aGvHD and cGvHD, VOD, hemorrhagic cystitis, infections, and relapse. The 5-year OS of MUD transplantation and HAPLO transplantation groups was found 65.8% and 71.1%, respectively (log-rank 0.51). The 5-year RFS was 80.7% for MUD transplantation group and 86.9% for HAPLO transplantation group (log-rank 0.48). There was no statistically significant difference between 2 groups according to TRM (25% MUD transplantation vs 16.3% HAPLO transplantation, log-rank 0.48). These data suggest that survival for patients with high-risk acute leukemia after HAPLO transplantation with ex vivo ɑβ+ T-cell depletion is comparable with MUD transplantation.