Effects of statin therapy on chronic kidney disease patients with coronary artery disease.Lipids Health Dis. 2018 Apr 17; 17(1):84.LH
Long-term persistence of statin therapy provided an ongoing reduction in mortality among patients with and without a known history of CVD, and renoprotective effect on CKD patients. Until now, very few reports are available from China to address the effects of statin therapy in CKD + CAD patients.
We compared the effects of long-term statin therapy (follow-up time 4 years) in terms of cardiovascular events, all-cause death, and cardiac death among 254 CKD patients with or without CAD.
Long-term statin therapy was much more effective in the CKD + CAD patients compared with CKD patients. In the CAD + CKD patients, long-term statins showed a 22.2% reduction in the CVs rate (P = 0.012). With regard to the all-cause and cardiac deaths, long-term statins had significant treatment effects on the CAD + CKD patients (reduction of about 28.1% in mortality rates, P < 0.001). In contrast, long-term statin therapy exerted no significant influence on the clinical outcomes of the CKD-only patients.
Long-term statin therapy more dramatically reduced the CVs and mortality rates of the CKD patients with concomitant CAD. In contrast, CKD-only patients had a good prognosis and did not appear to require statin treatment.