Knowledge of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in population of Małopolska voivodeship in two independent cross-sectional studiesPrzegl Epidemiol. 2018; 72(1):75-85.PE
Low level of knowledge of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is related to higher risk of death and health educational programs are of particular importance in CVD prevention. Monitoring the level of knowledge of CVD risk factors is necessary to verify the effectiveness of education and to facilitate the right choice of education methods.
to compare the assessment of knowledge of CVD risk factors in the population of Małopolska Voivodeship from the two independent cross-sectional studies.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Data of 973 respondents of M-CAPRI Study and 333 respondents of WOBASZ II Study, at age 20-69, were included to analysis. M-CAPRI study was carried out in 2014 and WOBASZ II - in the years 2013-2014. Knowledge of CVD risk factors was assessed by the same standard questionnaire in both studies. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the differences in knowledge of CVD risk factors between participants of M-CAPRI and WOBASZ II studies.
There were 80% of women and 71% of men, respondents of M-CAPRI Study who recognized theterm ,,risk factor” compared to 73% and 78% respectively in respondents of WOBASZ II Study. However, after adjustment for age and education the difference was statistically significant only in men. Respondents of M-CAPRI Study had knowledge of hypertension, high level of blood cholesterol, alcohol and unhealthy diet less frequently compared to respondents of WOBASZ II Study. Men from M-CAPRI Study had knowledge of diabetes and smoking less frequently but knowledge of low physical activity more frequently compared to men from WOBASZ II Study.
The use of standard questionnaire in two independent cross-sectional studies appeared to be not sufficient to obtain reliable information on knowledge of CVD risk factors in Małopolska Voivodeship. In the studies that differed in the method of recruitment, participation and the technique of interview, the differences in the assessment of knowledge were substantial and it is impossible to assess which assessment was closer to the reality. However, the results of both M-CAPRI and WOBASZ II studies indicate that knowledge of CVD risk factors in Małopolska Voivodship is poor and there is a strong need to intensify health education.