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Attitudes Towards and Knowledge About Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Patients Among Italian Nurses: An Observational Study.
J Nurs Scholarsh. 2018 07; 50(4):367-374.JN

Abstract

PURPOSE

To assess Italian nurses' knowledge and attitudes towards gay and lesbian sexual orientation and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients, as there is currently no literature exploring the attitudes of nurses in Italy.

METHODS

A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2015 to January 2016, using a data collection tool composed of three validated questionnaires and a sociodemographic form.

FINDINGS

Eight hundred twenty-four nurses filled out the questionnaire. Despite their awareness of homosexuality as a "natural expression of one's sexuality," Italian nurses showed only moderately positive attitudes towards lesbian and gay patients. A more positive attitude was displayed by women when compared with men (p < .001). Greater knowledge of homosexuality was associated with female gender (p = .042), moderate-wing political affiliation (p = .014), and more affirmative behaviors (p = .008). Men were found to have greater awareness of being prepared to care for LGBT people (p = .022).

CONCLUSIONS

Although Italian nurses displayed moderately positive attitudes and affirmative behaviors, there is the need to increase their cultural competencies regarding sexual minorities.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

LGBT patients feel some discomfort in approaching physicians or nurses. It is important to know nurses' attitudes in caring for LGBT patients in order to modify inappropriate and discriminatory behaviors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nurse, Department of Medicine and Science of Aging, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti, Italy, Abruzzo, Italy.Nurse, Department of Medicine and Science of Aging, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti, Italy, Abruzzo, Italy.Medical Doctor, Epidemiologist, Deparment of Farmacy, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti, Italy.Professor of Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine and Science of Aging, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti, Italy.Nurse Director, Local Health Service, Abruzzo, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29689129

Citation

Della Pelle, Carlo, et al. "Attitudes Towards and Knowledge About Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Patients Among Italian Nurses: an Observational Study." Journal of Nursing Scholarship : an Official Publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, vol. 50, no. 4, 2018, pp. 367-374.
Della Pelle C, Cerratti F, Di Giovanni P, et al. Attitudes Towards and Knowledge About Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Patients Among Italian Nurses: An Observational Study. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2018;50(4):367-374.
Della Pelle, C., Cerratti, F., Di Giovanni, P., Cipollone, F., & Cicolini, G. (2018). Attitudes Towards and Knowledge About Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Patients Among Italian Nurses: An Observational Study. Journal of Nursing Scholarship : an Official Publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, 50(4), 367-374. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12388
Della Pelle C, et al. Attitudes Towards and Knowledge About Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Patients Among Italian Nurses: an Observational Study. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2018;50(4):367-374. PubMed PMID: 29689129.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Attitudes Towards and Knowledge About Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Patients Among Italian Nurses: An Observational Study. AU - Della Pelle,Carlo, AU - Cerratti,Francesca, AU - Di Giovanni,Pamela, AU - Cipollone,Francesco, AU - Cicolini,Giancarlo, Y1 - 2018/04/24/ PY - 2018/02/07/accepted PY - 2018/4/25/pubmed PY - 2019/10/23/medline PY - 2018/4/25/entrez KW - Awareness KW - LGBT issues KW - cultural competence KW - knowledge KW - nurse SP - 367 EP - 374 JF - Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing JO - J Nurs Scholarsh VL - 50 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: To assess Italian nurses' knowledge and attitudes towards gay and lesbian sexual orientation and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients, as there is currently no literature exploring the attitudes of nurses in Italy. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2015 to January 2016, using a data collection tool composed of three validated questionnaires and a sociodemographic form. FINDINGS: Eight hundred twenty-four nurses filled out the questionnaire. Despite their awareness of homosexuality as a "natural expression of one's sexuality," Italian nurses showed only moderately positive attitudes towards lesbian and gay patients. A more positive attitude was displayed by women when compared with men (p < .001). Greater knowledge of homosexuality was associated with female gender (p = .042), moderate-wing political affiliation (p = .014), and more affirmative behaviors (p = .008). Men were found to have greater awareness of being prepared to care for LGBT people (p = .022). CONCLUSIONS: Although Italian nurses displayed moderately positive attitudes and affirmative behaviors, there is the need to increase their cultural competencies regarding sexual minorities. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: LGBT patients feel some discomfort in approaching physicians or nurses. It is important to know nurses' attitudes in caring for LGBT patients in order to modify inappropriate and discriminatory behaviors. SN - 1547-5069 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29689129/Attitudes_Towards_and_Knowledge_About_Lesbian_Gay_Bisexual_and_Transgender_Patients_Among_Italian_Nurses:_An_Observational_Study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12388 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -