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Antibiotic Prescribing for Oro-Facial Infections in the Paediatric Outpatient: A Review.
Antibiotics (Basel). 2018 Apr 25; 7(2)A

Abstract

There are many reports on the complications associated with antibiotics abuse during the treatment of paediatric patients, particularly those related to antimicrobial resistance. The dental profession is no exception; there is growing evidence that dental practitioners are misusing antibiotics in the treatment of their paediatric patients. This review is directed to dental practitioners who provide oral healthcare to children. It is also directed to medical practitioners, particularly those working in emergency departments and encountering children with acute orofacial infections. A systematic search of literature was conducted to explore the clinical indications and recommended antibiotic regimens for orofacial infections in paediatric outpatients. The main indications included cellulitis, aggressive periodontitis, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, and pericoronitis. Amoxicillin was found to be the most commonly recommended antibiotic for short durations of 3⁻5 days, with metronidazole or azithromycin being the alternative antibiotics in penicillin-sensitive patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dental College & Hospital, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah 42353, Saudi Arabia. ndarodeh@taibahu.edu.sa. Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan. ndarodeh@taibahu.edu.sa.Dental College & Hospital, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah 42353, Saudi Arabia. hfadel@taibahu.edu.sa.Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan. s.abuhammad@yahoo.com.Department of Pediatrics, Ibn Alhaitham Hospital, Amman 11942, Jordan. ruaa.abdeljawad@hotmail.com.Dental College & Hospital, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah 42353, Saudi Arabia. oabuhammad@taibahu.edu.sa. Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan. oabuhammad@taibahu.edu.sa.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29693642

Citation

Dar-Odeh, Najla, et al. "Antibiotic Prescribing for Oro-Facial Infections in the Paediatric Outpatient: a Review." Antibiotics (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 7, no. 2, 2018.
Dar-Odeh N, Fadel HT, Abu-Hammad S, et al. Antibiotic Prescribing for Oro-Facial Infections in the Paediatric Outpatient: A Review. Antibiotics (Basel). 2018;7(2).
Dar-Odeh, N., Fadel, H. T., Abu-Hammad, S., Abdeljawad, R., & Abu-Hammad, O. A. (2018). Antibiotic Prescribing for Oro-Facial Infections in the Paediatric Outpatient: A Review. Antibiotics (Basel, Switzerland), 7(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics7020038
Dar-Odeh N, et al. Antibiotic Prescribing for Oro-Facial Infections in the Paediatric Outpatient: a Review. Antibiotics (Basel). 2018 Apr 25;7(2) PubMed PMID: 29693642.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Antibiotic Prescribing for Oro-Facial Infections in the Paediatric Outpatient: A Review. AU - Dar-Odeh,Najla, AU - Fadel,Hani T, AU - Abu-Hammad,Shaden, AU - Abdeljawad,Rua'a, AU - Abu-Hammad,Osama A, Y1 - 2018/04/25/ PY - 2018/02/15/received PY - 2018/04/18/revised PY - 2018/04/24/accepted PY - 2018/4/26/entrez PY - 2018/4/26/pubmed PY - 2018/4/26/medline KW - antibiotics KW - antimicrobial resistance KW - orofacial infections KW - paediatric KW - prescribing JF - Antibiotics (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Antibiotics (Basel) VL - 7 IS - 2 N2 - There are many reports on the complications associated with antibiotics abuse during the treatment of paediatric patients, particularly those related to antimicrobial resistance. The dental profession is no exception; there is growing evidence that dental practitioners are misusing antibiotics in the treatment of their paediatric patients. This review is directed to dental practitioners who provide oral healthcare to children. It is also directed to medical practitioners, particularly those working in emergency departments and encountering children with acute orofacial infections. A systematic search of literature was conducted to explore the clinical indications and recommended antibiotic regimens for orofacial infections in paediatric outpatients. The main indications included cellulitis, aggressive periodontitis, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, and pericoronitis. Amoxicillin was found to be the most commonly recommended antibiotic for short durations of 3⁻5 days, with metronidazole or azithromycin being the alternative antibiotics in penicillin-sensitive patients. SN - 2079-6382 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29693642/Antibiotic_Prescribing_for_Oro-Facial_Infections_in_the_Paediatric_Outpatient:_A_Review L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=antibiotics7020038 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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