Toxicological Assessment of Heavy Metal Bioaccumulation and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers In Clarias gariepinus from Igbokoda River of South Western Nigeria.Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2018 Jun; 100(6):765-771.BE
This study evaluated the environmental safety of Igbokoda River, a popular fishing hub in an oil producing area in Nigeria. Biomarkers of oxidative stress and heavy metals were determined in the liver and muscle of Clarias gariepinus from Igbokoda River and also in fish samples from a clean fish farm (control). Water samples from both sites were analysed for physicochemical parameters, heavy metals and bacterial contamination. There was significant increase in the level of heavy metals in water samples and in the organs of fish from Igbokoda River. A significant increase in malondialdehyde level as well as alterations in antioxidant status was observed in the organs of fish samples from Igbokoda River compared with control. Coliforms and salmonella were also visible in Igbokoda River alongside particulate matter. These results show that Igbokoda River is polluted; consumption of aquatic organisms from the River may be unsafe for people in that community.