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Vegans report less bothersome vasomotor and physical menopausal symptoms than omnivores.
Maturitas. 2018 Jun; 112:12-17.M

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Lifestyle modifications that may reduce menopausal symptoms have generated much interest. The vegetarian diet has been associated with a lower risk of chronic disease as well as a more healthy hormonal milieu. Our objective in this cross-sectional study was to survey peri- and postmenopausal women to investigate menopausal symptoms and dietary pattern.

STUDY DESIGN

Survey distribution in 2015-2016 was aimed at female vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores between the ages of 45 and 80 years, who were active on senior and vegetarian social networking websites and at vegan restaurants and events.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

We investigated vasomotor and physical symptoms as measured by the Menopause-specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MENQOL) and dietary pattern classified by animal protein intakes reported in response to food frequency questions.

RESULTS

Out of 754 participants who completed the survey, 604 reported they were perimenopausal (n = 121) or postmenopausal (n = 483), of whom 539 also completed the food frequency questions. We compared vasomotor and physical symptoms in omnivores (n = 304, consumed meat and/or poultry at least monthly) and vegans (n = 125, abstained from all animal proteins) using general linear models; covariates included age, exercise, hormone replacement therapy, presence of reproductive organs, and age at menopause. Among perimenopausal women, vegans reported less bothersome vasomotor (p < 0.01) and physical symptoms (p < 0.01) than omnivores. For both symptom types, more vegetables and less flesh food were associated with less bothersome symptoms (p values < 0.05).

CONCLUSION

Eating a plant-based diet may be helpful for women in menopausal transition who prefer a natural means to manage their symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Benedictine University, Lisle, IL, United States. Electronic address: bbeezhold@ben.edu.Fairleigh Dickinson University, Teaneck, NJ, United States.Fairleigh Dickinson University, Teaneck, NJ, United States.Fairleigh Dickinson University, Teaneck, NJ, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29704911

Citation

Beezhold, Bonnie, et al. "Vegans Report Less Bothersome Vasomotor and Physical Menopausal Symptoms Than Omnivores." Maturitas, vol. 112, 2018, pp. 12-17.
Beezhold B, Radnitz C, McGrath RE, et al. Vegans report less bothersome vasomotor and physical menopausal symptoms than omnivores. Maturitas. 2018;112:12-17.
Beezhold, B., Radnitz, C., McGrath, R. E., & Feldman, A. (2018). Vegans report less bothersome vasomotor and physical menopausal symptoms than omnivores. Maturitas, 112, 12-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2018.03.009
Beezhold B, et al. Vegans Report Less Bothersome Vasomotor and Physical Menopausal Symptoms Than Omnivores. Maturitas. 2018;112:12-17. PubMed PMID: 29704911.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegans report less bothersome vasomotor and physical menopausal symptoms than omnivores. AU - Beezhold,Bonnie, AU - Radnitz,Cynthia, AU - McGrath,Robert E, AU - Feldman,Arielle, Y1 - 2018/03/14/ PY - 2018/01/09/received PY - 2018/02/24/revised PY - 2018/03/12/accepted PY - 2018/4/30/entrez PY - 2018/5/1/pubmed PY - 2018/9/1/medline KW - Menopausal symptoms KW - Menopause KW - Omnivore diet KW - Perimenopause KW - Vasomotor symptoms KW - Vegan diet SP - 12 EP - 17 JF - Maturitas JO - Maturitas VL - 112 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Lifestyle modifications that may reduce menopausal symptoms have generated much interest. The vegetarian diet has been associated with a lower risk of chronic disease as well as a more healthy hormonal milieu. Our objective in this cross-sectional study was to survey peri- and postmenopausal women to investigate menopausal symptoms and dietary pattern. STUDY DESIGN: Survey distribution in 2015-2016 was aimed at female vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores between the ages of 45 and 80 years, who were active on senior and vegetarian social networking websites and at vegan restaurants and events. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We investigated vasomotor and physical symptoms as measured by the Menopause-specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MENQOL) and dietary pattern classified by animal protein intakes reported in response to food frequency questions. RESULTS: Out of 754 participants who completed the survey, 604 reported they were perimenopausal (n = 121) or postmenopausal (n = 483), of whom 539 also completed the food frequency questions. We compared vasomotor and physical symptoms in omnivores (n = 304, consumed meat and/or poultry at least monthly) and vegans (n = 125, abstained from all animal proteins) using general linear models; covariates included age, exercise, hormone replacement therapy, presence of reproductive organs, and age at menopause. Among perimenopausal women, vegans reported less bothersome vasomotor (p < 0.01) and physical symptoms (p < 0.01) than omnivores. For both symptom types, more vegetables and less flesh food were associated with less bothersome symptoms (p values < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Eating a plant-based diet may be helpful for women in menopausal transition who prefer a natural means to manage their symptoms. SN - 1873-4111 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29704911/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378-5122(18)30010-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -