Calcium transport mechanism in the endolymph of the chinchilla.Hear Res. 1988 Aug; 34(3):307-11.HR
The Ca2+ transport mechanism between endolymph and perilymph was evaluated by the effects of vanadate and amiloride on the endocochlear potential (EP) and the Ca2+ concentration in endolymph using Ca2+-selective microelectrodes. Under normal conditions, the EP was 81.8 +/- 0.9 mV, and the Ca2+ concentrations in endolymph and perilymph were 16.6 +/- 1.3 microM and 1.85 +/- 0.11 mM (N = 12), respectively. Therefore, the uphill electrochemical potential gradient for Ca2+ from perilymph to endolymph, 20.2 +/- 2.0 mV, indicates the existence of an active uptake of Ca2+ into endolymph. Vanadate, the inhibitor of Ca2+-ATPase, topically applied to the round window membrane caused biphasic changes of the EP and the endolymph Ca2+ concentration; the former in a transient increase followed by a consistent decrease and the latter in a slow decrease followed by a slow increase. Amiloride induced a slight EP depression and a concomitantly slight elevation of the Ca2+ concentration in endolymph. The electrochemical potential gradient for Ca2+ between endolymph and perilymph vanished with the use of vanadate but was not affected by amiloride. These results suggest that Ca2+-ATPase, sensitive to vanadate, maintained the bulk of active Ca2+ transport in the cochlea and that the participation of Na+-Ca2+ exchange is negligible.