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A comparative study to identify factors of caregiver burden between baby boomers and post baby boomers: a secondary analysis of a US online caregiver survey.
BMC Public Health 2018; 18(1):579BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Baby boomers' position in the caregiving context is shifting from caregiver to care recipient as the population ages. While the unique characteristics of baby boomer caregivers are well established in caregiving literature, there is limited information about the next caregiving group after the baby boomers. In this study, the sociodemographic and caregiving-related characteristics of the two generations are compared and specific factors contributing to caregiver burden between baby boomer and post baby boomer caregivers are identified.

METHODS

This cross-sectional and correlational study used secondary analysis of data from the National Alliance for Caregiving and the American Association of Retired Persons. A structured online survey was conducted in 2014 with randomly selected samples (n = 1069) in the United States focusing on sociodemographics, caregiving-related characteristics, and burden of care. Descriptive statistics, multivariate linear regression analyses, and Steiger's Z-test were used to identify group differences in multivariate factors related to caregiver burden in two generational groups.

RESULTS

Baby boomers and post baby boomers experienced caregiver burden to a similar degree. Caregiving-related factors are more likely to increase burden of care than sociodemographics in both groups. Caregiving without choice and spending longer hours on caregiving tasks were common factors that increased the burden in both generational groups (all p values < 0.01). However, post baby boomer caregivers reported additional challenges, such as unemployment during caregiving, the dual responsibility of both adult and child care, and a family relationship with the care recipient.

CONCLUSIONS

Due to the aging population of baby boomers, post baby boomers encounter different challenges related to caregiving burden, which is often considered an additional workload in their life course. Current policy and program tailored to baby boomers should be re-designed to meet the different needs of emerging caregivers. Specific vulnerable subgroups should have priority to receive the benefits of specific policies, such as those without choice and younger, working caregivers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Nursing, Yonsei University, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea. Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.College of Nursing, Yonsei University, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.College of Nursing, Sungshin Women's University, 55 Dobong-ro 76ga-gil, Gangbuk-gu, Seoul, 01133, South Korea. jcheon@sungshin.ac.kr.College of Nursing, Yonsei University, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.Department of Leadership & Professional Studies, School of Education & Human Development, College of Arts, Sciences & Education, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th St. ZEB 250B, Miami, FL, 33199, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29720119

Citation

Kim, Heejung, et al. "A Comparative Study to Identify Factors of Caregiver Burden Between Baby Boomers and Post Baby Boomers: a Secondary Analysis of a US Online Caregiver Survey." BMC Public Health, vol. 18, no. 1, 2018, p. 579.
Kim H, Lee S, Cheon J, et al. A comparative study to identify factors of caregiver burden between baby boomers and post baby boomers: a secondary analysis of a US online caregiver survey. BMC Public Health. 2018;18(1):579.
Kim, H., Lee, S., Cheon, J., Hong, S., & Chang, M. (2018). A comparative study to identify factors of caregiver burden between baby boomers and post baby boomers: a secondary analysis of a US online caregiver survey. BMC Public Health, 18(1), p. 579. doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5488-4.
Kim H, et al. A Comparative Study to Identify Factors of Caregiver Burden Between Baby Boomers and Post Baby Boomers: a Secondary Analysis of a US Online Caregiver Survey. BMC Public Health. 2018 05 2;18(1):579. PubMed PMID: 29720119.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparative study to identify factors of caregiver burden between baby boomers and post baby boomers: a secondary analysis of a US online caregiver survey. AU - Kim,Heejung, AU - Lee,Sangeun, AU - Cheon,Jooyoung, AU - Hong,Soyun, AU - Chang,Mido, Y1 - 2018/05/02/ PY - 2017/10/10/received PY - 2018/04/20/accepted PY - 2018/5/4/entrez PY - 2018/5/4/pubmed PY - 2019/4/11/medline KW - Age KW - Baby boomers KW - Caregiver burden KW - National Alliance for Caregiving KW - Post baby boomers KW - Secondary data analysis SP - 579 EP - 579 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 18 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Baby boomers' position in the caregiving context is shifting from caregiver to care recipient as the population ages. While the unique characteristics of baby boomer caregivers are well established in caregiving literature, there is limited information about the next caregiving group after the baby boomers. In this study, the sociodemographic and caregiving-related characteristics of the two generations are compared and specific factors contributing to caregiver burden between baby boomer and post baby boomer caregivers are identified. METHODS: This cross-sectional and correlational study used secondary analysis of data from the National Alliance for Caregiving and the American Association of Retired Persons. A structured online survey was conducted in 2014 with randomly selected samples (n = 1069) in the United States focusing on sociodemographics, caregiving-related characteristics, and burden of care. Descriptive statistics, multivariate linear regression analyses, and Steiger's Z-test were used to identify group differences in multivariate factors related to caregiver burden in two generational groups. RESULTS: Baby boomers and post baby boomers experienced caregiver burden to a similar degree. Caregiving-related factors are more likely to increase burden of care than sociodemographics in both groups. Caregiving without choice and spending longer hours on caregiving tasks were common factors that increased the burden in both generational groups (all p values < 0.01). However, post baby boomer caregivers reported additional challenges, such as unemployment during caregiving, the dual responsibility of both adult and child care, and a family relationship with the care recipient. CONCLUSIONS: Due to the aging population of baby boomers, post baby boomers encounter different challenges related to caregiving burden, which is often considered an additional workload in their life course. Current policy and program tailored to baby boomers should be re-designed to meet the different needs of emerging caregivers. Specific vulnerable subgroups should have priority to receive the benefits of specific policies, such as those without choice and younger, working caregivers. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29720119/A_comparative_study_to_identify_factors_of_caregiver_burden_between_baby_boomers_and_post_baby_boomers:_a_secondary_analysis_of_a_US_online_caregiver_survey_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-018-5488-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -