Effect of pitavastatin and atorvastatin on regression of atherosclerosis assessed using intravascular ultrasound: a meta-analysis.Coron Artery Dis 2018; 29(6):459-468CA
The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of pitavastatin and atorvastatin using data from randomized-controlled trial pooled together by means of a meta-analysis and decide which is better.
PubMed, CENTRAL, Web of Knowledge, and ClinicalTrials.gov website were searched for randomized-controlled trials published until October 2016. Eligible studies comparing pitavastatin with atorvastatin head to head and reporting the outcome of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), glycated hemoglobin, and intravascular ultrasound evaluation were enrolled. Heterogeneity was assessed by using the I statistic, and the extracted data were estimated by fixed-effects model.
Eleven trials including a total number of 1733 participants were identified. Compared with atorvastatin, changes in the mean differences of LDL-C and HDL-C were 2.51 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.17-3.86; I=48%; P=0.0003] and 2.17 (95% CI: 1.42-2.91; I=40%; P<0.00001), respectively, for pitavastatin. The changes in the mean differences of glycated hemoglobin was -0.15 (95% CI: -1.44-1.15; I=0%; P=0.83) for pitavastatin compared with atorvastatin. For plaque volume, lumen volume, and external elastic membrane, the changes are -0.93 (95% CI: -3.04-1.19; I=50%; P=0.39), 0.17 (95% CI: -2.91-3.26; I=0%; P=0.91), and -0.43 (95% CI: -1.96-1.11; I=4%; P=0.58), respectively, for pitavastatin versus atorvastatin.
In this study, pitavastatin seems to be less effective in reducing LDL-C and elevating HDL-C level compared with atorvastatin. Moreover, there is no significant difference in changes of glycated hemoglobin and intravascular ultrasound evaluation between pitavastatin and atorvastatin.