C19-Norditerpenoid Alkaloids from Aconitum szechenyianum.Molecules. 2018 May 08; 23(5)M
Three new C19-norditerpenoid alkaloids (1⁻3), along with two known C19-norditerpenoid alkaloids (4,5), have been isolated from Aconitum szechenyianum. Based on extensive spectroscopic techniques (1D, 2D-NMR, IR, and MS) and chemical methods, their structures were established as szechenyianine D (1), szechenyianine E (2), szechenyianine F (3), 8-O-methyl-14-benzoylaconine (4), and spicatine A (5). The immunosuppressive effects of compounds 1⁻5 were studied using a ConA-induced or LPS-induced splenocyte proliferation model. In vitro tests showed that Compounds 2, 4, and 5 suppressed ConA-induced or LPS-induced splenocyte proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. The CC50/IC50 values of 2, 4, and 5 suggested that these compounds were potential immunosuppressive agents for the treatment of autoimmune diseases characterized by arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis.