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How empathic are vegan medical professionals compared to others? Leads from a paper-pencil-survey.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 05; 72(5):780-784.EJ

Abstract

The aim of this survey was to examine differences in personality profiles among 198 vegan (n = 64; 32.3%), vegetarian (n = 78; 39.4%) and omnivore (n = 55; 27.8%) medical professionals. Outcomes were motives for the nutritional approaches, WHO QoL-BREF, Big Five SOEP Inventory, Portraits Value Questionnaire, and Empathizing Scale. Regarding motives for particular diets, omnivores rated influence of guardians (p < 0.001), physical health (p = 0.017) and food taste (p = 0.001) as more and love of animals as less important (p < 0.001) than vegans and vegetarians. Vegans and vegetarians consumed less coffee (p = 0.007) and alcohol compared to omnivores (p = 0.017). The duration of adhering to a specific diet was significantly shorter in vegans. Data suggest that vegan medical professionals do not differ from vegetarians or omnivores regarding empathy, values or personality traits. Differences to a related internet sample were observed for a number of outcomes. Given the small sample size and potential selection bias through the specific subpopulation attending a plant-based nutrition conference, further studies are warranted to confirm these results. Particularly, potential reciprocities between empathy and individual nutritional choices deserve further attention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité Medical University, Luisenstr. 57, 10117, Berlin, Germany. kessler.christian@gmail.com. Department for Complementary Medicine, Immanuel Hospital Berlin, Königstr. 63, 14109, Berlin, Germany. kessler.christian@gmail.com.Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité Medical University, Luisenstr. 57, 10117, Berlin, Germany. Department for Complementary Medicine, Immanuel Hospital Berlin, Königstr. 63, 14109, Berlin, Germany.Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité Medical University, Luisenstr. 57, 10117, Berlin, Germany.Primary Care & Population Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29748650

Citation

Kessler, Christian S., et al. "How Empathic Are Vegan Medical Professionals Compared to Others? Leads From a Paper-pencil-survey." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 72, no. 5, 2018, pp. 780-784.
Kessler CS, Michalsen A, Holler S, et al. How empathic are vegan medical professionals compared to others? Leads from a paper-pencil-survey. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018;72(5):780-784.
Kessler, C. S., Michalsen, A., Holler, S., Murthy, V. S., & Cramer, H. (2018). How empathic are vegan medical professionals compared to others? Leads from a paper-pencil-survey. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72(5), 780-784. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-017-0007-8
Kessler CS, et al. How Empathic Are Vegan Medical Professionals Compared to Others? Leads From a Paper-pencil-survey. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018;72(5):780-784. PubMed PMID: 29748650.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - How empathic are vegan medical professionals compared to others? Leads from a paper-pencil-survey. AU - Kessler,Christian S, AU - Michalsen,Andreas, AU - Holler,Sophie, AU - Murthy,Vijayendra S, AU - Cramer,Holger, Y1 - 2017/11/06/ PY - 2017/06/08/received PY - 2017/08/17/accepted PY - 2017/08/12/revised PY - 2018/5/12/entrez PY - 2018/5/12/pubmed PY - 2019/5/6/medline SP - 780 EP - 784 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 72 IS - 5 N2 - The aim of this survey was to examine differences in personality profiles among 198 vegan (n = 64; 32.3%), vegetarian (n = 78; 39.4%) and omnivore (n = 55; 27.8%) medical professionals. Outcomes were motives for the nutritional approaches, WHO QoL-BREF, Big Five SOEP Inventory, Portraits Value Questionnaire, and Empathizing Scale. Regarding motives for particular diets, omnivores rated influence of guardians (p < 0.001), physical health (p = 0.017) and food taste (p = 0.001) as more and love of animals as less important (p < 0.001) than vegans and vegetarians. Vegans and vegetarians consumed less coffee (p = 0.007) and alcohol compared to omnivores (p = 0.017). The duration of adhering to a specific diet was significantly shorter in vegans. Data suggest that vegan medical professionals do not differ from vegetarians or omnivores regarding empathy, values or personality traits. Differences to a related internet sample were observed for a number of outcomes. Given the small sample size and potential selection bias through the specific subpopulation attending a plant-based nutrition conference, further studies are warranted to confirm these results. Particularly, potential reciprocities between empathy and individual nutritional choices deserve further attention. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29748650/How_empathic_are_vegan_medical_professionals_compared_to_others_Leads_from_a_paper_pencil_survey_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-017-0007-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -