Massively parallel sequencing of 124 SNPs included in the precision ID identity panel in three East Asian minority ethnicities.Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2018 Jul; 35:141-148.FS
Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) technologies can sequence many targeted regions of multiple samples simultaneously and are gaining great interest in the forensic community. The Precision ID Identity Panel contains 90 autosomal SNPs and 34 upper Y-Clade SNPs, which was designed with small amplicons and optimized for forensic degraded or challenging samples. Here, 184 unrelated individuals from three East Asian minority ethnicities (Tibetan, Uygur and Hui) were analyzed using the Precision ID Identity Panel and the Ion PGM System. The sequencing performance and corresponding forensic statistical parameters of this MPS-SNP panel were investigated. The inter-population relationships and substructures among three investigated populations and 30 worldwide populations were further investigated using PCA, MDS, cladogram and STRUCTURE. No significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) and Linkage Disequilibrium (LD) tests was observed across all 90 autosomal SNPs. The combined matching probability (CMP) for Tibetan, Uygur and Hui were 2.5880 × 10-33, 1.7480 × 10-35 and 4.6326 × 10-34 respectively, and the combined power of exclusion (CPE) were 0.999999386152271, 0.999999607712827 and 0.999999696360182 respectively. For 34 Y-SNPs, only 16 haplogroups were obtained, but the haplogroup distributions differ among the three populations. Tibetans from the Sino-Tibetan population and Hui with multiple ethnicities with an admixture population have genetic affinity with East Asian populations, while Uygurs of a Eurasian admixture population have similar genetic components to the South Asian populations and are distributed between East Asian and European populations. The aforementioned results suggest that the Precision ID Identity Panel is informative and polymorphic in three investigated populations and could be used as an effective tool for human forensics.