Four New Diterpenoid Alkaloids from the Roots of Aconitum carmichaelii.Chem Biodivers. 2018 Jul; 15(7):e1800147.CB
Aconitum carmichaelii Debeaux is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine and an important source of clinical drugs, of which the parent and lateral roots are known as 'Chuanwu' and 'Fuzi', respectively. Four new C19 -diterpenoid alkaloids, carmichasines A - D (1 - 4), were isolated from the roots of Aconitum carmichaelii, together with twelve known compounds (5 - 16). Their structures were elucidated via spectroscopic analyses, including HR-ESI-MS, IR, and NMR. Carmichasine A (1) is the first natural C19 -diterpenoid alkaloid possessing a cyano group. Most of the diterpenoid alkaloids isolated were C19 -category, which might provide further clues for understanding the chemotaxonomic significance of this plant. The cytotoxicity of the new compounds was also investigated against several human cancer cell lines, including MCF-7, HCT116, A549, and 786-0, and none of them showed considerable cytotoxic activity.