More patients reach glycaemic control with a fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine and lixisenatide (iGlarLixi) than with basal insulin at 12 weeks of treatment: A post hoc time-to-control analysis of LixiLan-O and LixiLan-L.Diabetes Obes Metab. 2018 09; 20(9):2314-2318.DO
The present post hoc analysis of two 30-week clinical trials compared efficacy and hypoglycaemia outcomes at early study visits with iGlarLixi (insulin glargine U100 [iGlar] and lixisenatide) vs iGlar alone in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) uncontrolled on oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs; LixiLan-O trial) or basal insulin (LixiLan-L trial). Time to control, defined as days to achieve glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) <53 mmol/mol (<7%) or fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≤7.2 mmol/L, was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. In the LixiLan-O and LixiLan-L trials, 60% and 46% of patients, respectively, reached HbA1c <53 mmol/mol (<7%) with iGlarLixi at 12 weeks, vs 45% and 24%, respectively, with iGlar. In the LixiLan-O trial, the median time to target HbA1c was approximately half with iGlarLixi vs iGlar (85.0 vs 166.0 days; P < .0001). In the LixiLan-L trial, the median time to target HbA1c was 153.0 days with iGlarLixi, while target HbA1c was never reached by 50% of patients with iGlar (P < .0001). Time-to-target FPG and hypoglycaemia outcomes were similar between treatments. In T2D uncontrolled on OADs or basal insulin, iGlarLixi resulted in glycaemic control in more patients than did iGlar at early treatment time points.