[EFFECTIVENESS OF ONE-STAGE REPAIR AND RECONSTRUCTION FOR KNEE DISLOCATION WITH MULTIPLE LIGAMENT INJURIES].Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2016 Jun 08; 30(6):690-694.ZX
To evaluate the surgical procedure and short-term effectiveness of one-stage repair and reconstruction of knee dislocation with multiple ligament injuries (KDMLI).
Between September 2010 and April 2014, 9 cases (9 knees) of KDMLI were treated. There were 7 males and 2 females with an average age of 42 years (range, 27-57 years). Injury was caused by traffic accident in 3 cases, heavy-weight crushing in 3 cases, sports sprain in 2 cases, and falling from height in 1 case. The average time from injury to operation was 11 days (range, 3-19 days). The results of posterior drawer test and Lachman test were positive in all patients. The results of varus stress testing were three-degree positive in 4 cases, and the results of valgus stress testing were three-degree positive in 6 cases. The Lysholm score of knee was 27.2±6.3; the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score was 29.7±6.5; and the range of motion (ROM) was (52.6±12.8)°. All patients suffered from posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury and femoral avulsion injury of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Combined injuries included medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury in 4 cases (medial meniscus injury in 1 case), lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injury in 2 cases, and MCL and LCL injuries in 2 cases (medial meniscus and lateral meniscus injuries in 1 case). Autologous harmstring tendon was used to reconstruct PCL under arthroscopy combined with limited open in situ suture for repair of femoral avulsion injury of ACL, and repair of MCL, LCL, and other injury in one-stage operation.
All incisions healed by first intention. Joint effusion of knee occurred in 1 case and was cured after removal of fluid combined with pressure bandage. All patients were followed up 12-36 months with an average of 22 months. At last follow-up, the result of posterior drawer test was negative in all patients. The results of Lachman test were one-degree positive in 2 cases; the result of varus stress testing was one-degree positive in 1 case; the results of valgus stress testing were one-degree positive in 2?cases; and flexion dysfunction of the knee was observed in 1 case. The Lysholm score of knee was 87.3±6.6; the IKDC score was 88.9±6.8; and the ROM was (121.7±12.3)°, all showing significant differences when compared with preoperative ones (t=44.246, P=0.000; t=37.903, P=0.000; t=19.894, P=0.000).
For KDMLI, one-stage repair and reconstruction using autologous harmstring tendon to reconst ruct PCL under arthroscopy combined with limited open in situ suture repair of femoral avulsion injury of ACL, and repair MCL, LCL, and other injury has such advantages as minimal invasiveness, reliable fixation, less complications, and fast recovery, which can significantly improve the stability, ROM, and function of knee and obtain good short-term effectiveness.