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Application of multiple behaviour change models to identify determinants of farmers' biosecurity attitudes and behaviours.
Prev Vet Med. 2018 Jul 01; 155:61-74.PV

Abstract

It has been recognised that few cattle farmers undertake biosecurity practices on their farms. Approaches that take into consideration individuals' preparedness for change, alongside beliefs thought to motivate the enactment of certain behaviours, may provide a framework for actuating tangible change. The aim of this study was to use a combination of behaviour change models to link beliefs with behaviour and identify possible key interventions to improve the uptake of biosecurity measures by dairy cattle farmers in Great Britain (GB). This is the first study to explore farmers' practices and attitudes in relation to the prevention of direct (animal to animal contact); indirect (via fomites); and other biosecurity measures using a multitheory approach. A cross-sectional study was carried out, with postal questionnaires sent to 2505 dairy cattle farmers. Questions were asked about the extent to which a host of biosecurity measures were used, the influence of various stakeholders (e.g. veterinarians, industry bodies) in informing biosecurity choices, and the perceived control farmers felt they had over biosecurity on their farms. Farmer attitudes towards biosecurity were also explored. Two behaviour change models, the Transtheoretical Model, and the Theory of Planned Behaviour, were utilised. A variety of analysis methods were used to interrogate the data, including multivariable logistic regression. A total of 908/2505 (36.2%) farmers responded, with 757 responses (30.2%) deemed eligible for inclusion. Farmers generally fell into one of two categories: those that reported not applying biosecurity measures with no intention of doing so in the future, and those that reported undertaking biosecurity measures for some time. Farmers felt that biosecurity improved cattle health and welfare, but also felt that disease was inevitable. More farmers agreed with statements relating to their ability to control, rather than prevent disease. Analysis suggested a difference between influencing beliefs and whether specific types of measure were more likely to be undertaken. For example, farmers' beliefs about other stakeholders appeared to play a role in influencing the utilisation of measures preventing direct contact (e.g. nose to nose contact), rather than indirect contact (e.g. fomite transmission). The use of a combination of behaviour change models has identified key variables to use for interventional approaches targeted towards the different type of biosecurity measure (preventing direct or indirect transmission) to improve the uptake of biosecurity on dairy cattle farms in GB. Other industry stakeholders should be aware of these variables when working with farmers to achieve optimal cattle herd health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, The University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, UK.Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology, School of Medicine, The University of Nottingham, Jubilee Campus, Wollaton Road, Nottinghamshire, NG8 1BB, UK.School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, The University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, UK.Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences, The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, AB15 8QH, Scotland, UK.School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, The University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, UK.Oxford Clinical Trials Research Unit (OCTRU), Centre for Statistics in Medicine, NDORMS, Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Windmill Road, Oxford, OX2 6LD, UK.School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, The University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, UK. Electronic address: marnie.brennan@nottingham.ac.uk.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29786526

Citation

Richens, I F., et al. "Application of Multiple Behaviour Change Models to Identify Determinants of Farmers' Biosecurity Attitudes and Behaviours." Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol. 155, 2018, pp. 61-74.
Richens IF, Houdmont J, Wapenaar W, et al. Application of multiple behaviour change models to identify determinants of farmers' biosecurity attitudes and behaviours. Prev Vet Med. 2018;155:61-74.
Richens, I. F., Houdmont, J., Wapenaar, W., Shortall, O., Kaler, J., O'Connor, H., & Brennan, M. L. (2018). Application of multiple behaviour change models to identify determinants of farmers' biosecurity attitudes and behaviours. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 155, 61-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2018.04.010
Richens IF, et al. Application of Multiple Behaviour Change Models to Identify Determinants of Farmers' Biosecurity Attitudes and Behaviours. Prev Vet Med. 2018 Jul 1;155:61-74. PubMed PMID: 29786526.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Application of multiple behaviour change models to identify determinants of farmers' biosecurity attitudes and behaviours. AU - Richens,I F, AU - Houdmont,J, AU - Wapenaar,W, AU - Shortall,O, AU - Kaler,J, AU - O'Connor,H, AU - Brennan,M L, Y1 - 2018/04/19/ PY - 2017/12/14/received PY - 2018/03/30/revised PY - 2018/04/15/accepted PY - 2018/5/23/entrez PY - 2018/5/23/pubmed PY - 2018/9/7/medline KW - Attitudes KW - Behaviour KW - Behaviour change model KW - Biosecurity KW - Cattle KW - Disease control KW - Disease prevention KW - Farmer KW - Questionnaire KW - Survey KW - Theory of planned behaviour KW - Transtheoretical model SP - 61 EP - 74 JF - Preventive veterinary medicine JO - Prev. Vet. Med. VL - 155 N2 - It has been recognised that few cattle farmers undertake biosecurity practices on their farms. Approaches that take into consideration individuals' preparedness for change, alongside beliefs thought to motivate the enactment of certain behaviours, may provide a framework for actuating tangible change. The aim of this study was to use a combination of behaviour change models to link beliefs with behaviour and identify possible key interventions to improve the uptake of biosecurity measures by dairy cattle farmers in Great Britain (GB). This is the first study to explore farmers' practices and attitudes in relation to the prevention of direct (animal to animal contact); indirect (via fomites); and other biosecurity measures using a multitheory approach. A cross-sectional study was carried out, with postal questionnaires sent to 2505 dairy cattle farmers. Questions were asked about the extent to which a host of biosecurity measures were used, the influence of various stakeholders (e.g. veterinarians, industry bodies) in informing biosecurity choices, and the perceived control farmers felt they had over biosecurity on their farms. Farmer attitudes towards biosecurity were also explored. Two behaviour change models, the Transtheoretical Model, and the Theory of Planned Behaviour, were utilised. A variety of analysis methods were used to interrogate the data, including multivariable logistic regression. A total of 908/2505 (36.2%) farmers responded, with 757 responses (30.2%) deemed eligible for inclusion. Farmers generally fell into one of two categories: those that reported not applying biosecurity measures with no intention of doing so in the future, and those that reported undertaking biosecurity measures for some time. Farmers felt that biosecurity improved cattle health and welfare, but also felt that disease was inevitable. More farmers agreed with statements relating to their ability to control, rather than prevent disease. Analysis suggested a difference between influencing beliefs and whether specific types of measure were more likely to be undertaken. For example, farmers' beliefs about other stakeholders appeared to play a role in influencing the utilisation of measures preventing direct contact (e.g. nose to nose contact), rather than indirect contact (e.g. fomite transmission). The use of a combination of behaviour change models has identified key variables to use for interventional approaches targeted towards the different type of biosecurity measure (preventing direct or indirect transmission) to improve the uptake of biosecurity on dairy cattle farms in GB. Other industry stakeholders should be aware of these variables when working with farmers to achieve optimal cattle herd health. SN - 1873-1716 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29786526/Application_of_multiple_behaviour_change_models_to_identify_determinants_of_farmers'_biosecurity_attitudes_and_behaviours_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0167-5877(17)30840-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -