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Effectiveness of Acupressure on Dental Anxiety in Children.

Abstract

PURPOSE

Acupressure is a non-invasive variant of acupuncture and is known to reduce general anxiety. The purpose of this study was to test acupressure's effect on children's dental anxiety.

METHODS

Eight- to 12-year-old children undergoing scaling and/or restorative procedures were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: acupressure (Group 1); sham (Group 2); or control (Group 3). Anxiety was recorded for all the children using the Modified Child Dental Anxiety scale (MCDAS). Acupressure beads with a piece of adhesive strip were employed over the selected acupoints for groups one and two. Anxiety was further recorded for all the children prior to and after completion of the treatment using MCDAS. The Frankl scale was used as the objective measure to assess the behavior of all the children. A physiologic parameter (pulse rate) was also recorded. The scores obtained from all the three groups were tabulated, compared, and analyzed statistically.

RESULTS

A significant difference was found in MCDAS, pulse rate, and the Frankl behavior ratings among the three groups of children, with acupressure group displaying a lower level of anxiety.

CONCLUSION

Acupressure can be a viable alternative to reduce dental anxiety in children undergoing scaling and restorative procedures.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Private practice, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

    ,

    Associate professor, in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India;, Email: rekhanagmds@yahoo.co.in.

    ,

    Private practice, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

    Professor and head, in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Source

    Pediatric dentistry 40:3 2018 May 15 pg 177-183

    MeSH

    Acupressure
    Child
    Child Behavior
    Dental Anxiety
    Dental Restoration, Permanent
    Dental Scaling
    Female
    Heart Rate
    Humans
    Male

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Randomized Controlled Trial

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    29793563

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Effectiveness of Acupressure on Dental Anxiety in Children. AU - Avisa,Priyanka, AU - Kamatham,Rekhalakshmi, AU - Vanjari,Kalasandhya, AU - Nuvvula,Sivakumar, PY - 2018/5/26/entrez PY - 2018/5/26/pubmed PY - 2018/12/12/medline SP - 177 EP - 183 JF - Pediatric dentistry JO - Pediatr Dent VL - 40 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: Acupressure is a non-invasive variant of acupuncture and is known to reduce general anxiety. The purpose of this study was to test acupressure's effect on children's dental anxiety. METHODS: Eight- to 12-year-old children undergoing scaling and/or restorative procedures were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: acupressure (Group 1); sham (Group 2); or control (Group 3). Anxiety was recorded for all the children using the Modified Child Dental Anxiety scale (MCDAS). Acupressure beads with a piece of adhesive strip were employed over the selected acupoints for groups one and two. Anxiety was further recorded for all the children prior to and after completion of the treatment using MCDAS. The Frankl scale was used as the objective measure to assess the behavior of all the children. A physiologic parameter (pulse rate) was also recorded. The scores obtained from all the three groups were tabulated, compared, and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: A significant difference was found in MCDAS, pulse rate, and the Frankl behavior ratings among the three groups of children, with acupressure group displaying a lower level of anxiety. CONCLUSION: Acupressure can be a viable alternative to reduce dental anxiety in children undergoing scaling and restorative procedures. SN - 1942-5473 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29793563/Effectiveness_of_Acupressure_on_Dental_Anxiety_in_Children L2 - https://www.ingentaconnect.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0164-1263&volume=40&issue=3&spage=177&aulast=Avisa ER -