Cultivation of microalgae Chlorella zofingiensis on municipal wastewater and biogas slurry towards bioenergy.J Biosci Bioeng. 2018 Nov; 126(5):644-648.JB
The high cost of large-scale cultivation of microalgae has limited their industrial application. This study investigated the potential use of mixed biogas slurry and municipal wastewater to cultivate microalgae. Pig biogas slurry as the sole nutrient supplement, was assessed for the cultivation of Chlorella zofingiensis in municipal wastewater. Batch culture of various ratios of pig biogas slurry and municipal wastewater were compared. The characteristics of algal growth and lipid production were analyzed, and the removal rates of nitrogen and phosphate were examined. Results indicate that 8% pig bio-gas slurry in municipal wastewater, had a significant effect on microalgal growth. C. zofingiensis, with 2.5 g L-1 biomass, 93% total nitrogen and 90% total phosphorus removal. Lipid content was improved by 8% compared to BG11 medium. These findings show that mixing pig biogas slurry and municipal wastewater, without additional nutrition sources, allows efficient cultivation of C. zofingiensis. This is of high research and industrial significance, allowing cultivation of C. zofingiensis in mixed waste culture solution without additional nutrition sources.