[Resveratrol regulate the extracellular matrix expression via Wnt/β-catenin pathway in nucleus pulposus cells].Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018; 32(4):476-483ZX
To investigate the regulatory effect of resveratrol (RES) on the extracellular matrix (ECM) expression of nucleus pulposus cells (NPC), and its relative molecular mechanism.
Ten patients receiving discectomy were collected, of which 5 patients were young with spinal burst fracture, classified as control group; the rest 5 patients were senile with lumbar disc herniation, classified as degenerative group. The nucleus pulposus tissue of 2 groups were collected, the in situexpression of β-catenin was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the protein expressions of collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan were detected by Western blot. The NPC were isolated and cultured from degenerative nucleus pulposus tissues. RES treated the third-passage NPC with (group B) or without IL-1β (group C), to further determine the protein expressions of collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan by Western blot, the unstimulated cells were set up as blank control group (group A). Moreover, NPC treated with small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeted silent SIRT1 or β-catenin were used to determine the protein and gene expressions of β-catenin and SIRT1 by Western blot and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. In addition, the third-passage NPC treated with complete medium (group 1), IL-1β (group 2), RES+IL-1β (group 3), and SIRT1-siRNA+RES+IL-1β (group 4) for 24 hours were used to detect the nuclear translocation of β-catenin by cell immunofluorescence staining. Finally, the third-passage NPC treated with complete medium (group Ⅰ), IL-1β (group Ⅱ), IL-1β+β-catenin-siRNA (group Ⅲ), IL-1β+RES (group Ⅳ), and IL-1β+RES+SIRT1-siRNA (group Ⅴ) for 24 hours were used to detect the protein expressions of collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan by Western blot.
Immunohistochemical staining and Western blot detection showed that when compared with control group, the cell proportion of expression of β-catenin were significantly increased in degenerative group (t=4.616, P=0.010); the protein expression of β-catenin was also significantly increased and the protein expressions of collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan were significantly decreased (P<0.05). In cytology experiments, the protein expression of β-catenin in group B was significantly higher than that in groups A and C, and the protein expressions of collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan in group B were significantly lower than those in groups A and C (P<0.05). After transfection of siRNA, the protein expressions of SIRT1 and β-catenin significantly decreased (P<0.05). The results of cell immunofluorescence staining further confirmed that when compared with group 3, after the SIRT1 was silenced by siRNA in group 4, the attenuated nuclear translocation of β-catenin by RES treatment was aggravated. Western blot results showed that the protein expressions of collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan in group Ⅱ were significantly lower than those in group Ⅰ(P<0.05); after transfection of β-catenin-siRNA in group Ⅲ, the degradation of ECM by IL-1β was obviously inhibited, the protein expressions of collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan were significantly increased when compared with group Ⅱ (P<0.05); after transfection of SIRT1-siRNA in group Ⅴ, the protective effect of RES on the degradation of ECM was inhibited, the protein expressions of collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan were significantly decreased when compared with group Ⅳ (P<0.05).
RES regulates the ECM expression of NPC via Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which provide a new idea for intervertebral disc degeneration disease treatment.