Steroid Versus Antibiotic Drops in the Prevention of Postoperative Myringotomy Tube Complications.Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018; 127(7):445-449AO
To determine the incidence of early postoperative tympanostomy tube insertion otorrhea and obstruction in pediatric patients receiving antibiotic ear drops with or without steroid perioperatively.
A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent outpatient myringotomy and tube placement. Patients from June 2013 to February 2014 received ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone perioperatively while patients from May 2014 to April 2015 received ofloxacin. Statistical analysis was performed to compare outcomes between the cohorts.
One hundred thirty-four patients received topical ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone, and 116 patients received topical ofloxacin. The rate of postoperative otorrhea was 5.2% for the ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone group and 8.2% for the ofloxacin group. Tube obstruction was seen in 6.0% of the ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone group and 5.2% in the ofloxacin group. Neither outcome had a statistically significant difference (P = .21 and .85, respectively). There was no difference in the rate of effusion at the time of tube placement between the 2 cohorts (P = .16), and this included subgroup analysis based on effusion type (mucoid, purulent, serous). Patients with a mucoid effusion at the time of surgery were more likely to experience otorrhea/obstruction than patients with dry ears (odds ratio = 2.23, P = .02).
No significant difference in the incidence of immediate postoperative tympanostomy tube otorrhea or obstruction was seen between the antibiotic-steroid and antibiotic alone cohorts, regardless of effusion type. Overall, patients with mucoid effusions are more likely to develop tube otorrhea or obstruction at follow-up. Cost-effective drops should be used when prescribing topical therapy to prevent complications after ear tubes.